author={A. Bandura},
Theories of human behavior differ in their conceptions of human nature and what they regard as the basic determinants and mechanisms governing self-development, adaptation, and change. Social cognitive theory is rooted in an agentic perspective ( Bandura 1986, 2006a). To be an agent is to influence one's own functioning and events that affect one's life. In this view people are contributors to their life circumstances, not just products of them. Keywords: Information Processing and… 
Theory of mind development and moral judgment as differential predictors of aggressive and prosocial behaviors in a normative preschool sample
Marie S. Tisak, Advisor The present study examined the relations between Theory of Mind and moral development as they impact specific aggressive behaviors and prosociality in preschoolers.
Theory-driven interventions: How social cognition can help
Abstract This chapter reviews the adaption of theories of social cognition to interventions for problematic alcohol use. Social cognitive theories focus on thoughts and feelings individuals have
An exploration of a social-cognitive framework for improving the human-centric risk communication
Using data from a national online survey, a model is designed to predict laypeople’s environmental risk perception and information seeking behavior and the predictive power of the socialcognitive model is tested.
The self in educational contexts: how social networks shape self-related cognitions—and vice versa
We argue that it is impossible to conceptualize either the self independently of a person’s social networks, or a social network independently of the individual selves that constitute it. In order to
The Role of Self-Efficacy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in Forming Prosocial Behaviour
Prosocial value can be associated with the positive behaviours that are commonly practised in the socio-surrounding of a civilised community, for example, the action of helping, loving and developing
Applying Social Cognitive Theory in the Development of Self-Regulated Competencies Throughout K-12 Grades
Self-regulated learning is an important feature of child development and socialization processes that has been found to be positively associated with self-appraisal skills, growth of self-efficacy
Communication and the Shaping of Human Personality; Deconstructing the Nature/Nurture Debate in Light of the Menace of Street Children in Nigeria
At the core of the knowledge inquiry about behavioural differences is the nature versus nurture debate which has been central to the development of various theories of human personality. The metaphor
Moral Disengagement at Work: A Review and Research Agenda
Originally conceptualized by Bandura (Person Soc Psychol Rev 3:193–209, 1999) as the process of cognitive restructuring that allows individuals to disassociate with their internal moral standards and
The Importance of Self-Efficacy and Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century.
Two decades have now passed since Bandura (1986) introduced the concept of self-efficacy within the social cognitive theory of human behavior. He defined it as "people's judgments of their
A cognitive model of digital transformation and IS decision making
ABSTRACT Individuals are complex bundles of thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and behaviours. For a digital transformation (DT) to be successful, it is necessary to understand how these bundles impact


Toward a Psychology of Human Agency
  • A. Bandura
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2006
The core properties of human agency are discussed, including its different forms it takes, its ontological and epistemological status, its development and role in causal structures, its growing primacy in the coevolution process, and its influential exercise at individual and collective levels across diverse spheres of life and cultural systems.
Self-Regulation of Motivation and Action Through Goal Systems
Social cognitive theory distinguishes between two broad classes of motivation (Bandura, 1986). One class of motivators is biologically based. They include physiological conditions arising from
Children and adolescents as producers of their own development
Abstract Interest in the historically changing contexts of human life has been associated with the elaboration of a life-span view of human development. This view holds that all levels of the
The Psychology of Chance Encounters and Life Paths
Psychological theories have neglected the fundamental issue of what determines people's life paths. The central thesis of this article is that chance encounters play a prominent role in shaping the
The stage question in cognitive-developmental theory
The term “stage” appears to be used in three general senses in theories of behavioral development: ( a ) as a metaphor: ( b ) as a description of behaviors that undergo age change; ( c ) as an
Beast and Man: The Roots of Human Nature
The author examines the relationship between instinct, nature, and purpose, and the problems of Evil in an unusual species and the role of science in psychology.
Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency.
This article addresses the centrality of the self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. Self-per- cepts of efficacy influence thought patterns, actions, and emotional arousal. In causal tests the
Integration of intention and outcome in moral judgment
The results of this experiment suggest that previous work on the cognitive algebra of human judgment may generalize to the moral realm and illustrate how information integration theory can provide a significant advance upon phenomenonological approaches to moral judgment.
Self-Efficacy Perspective On Achievement Behavior
This article examines the idea that perceived self‐efficacy is an important variable in understanding achievement behavior. Self‐efficacy refers to personal judgments of one's capability to organize
Developmental differences in empathy with a television protagonist's fear.
An experiment was conducted to determine whether children at different ages differ in their tendency to share the emotion of a television character, and self-reported emotional reactions and physiological responses were consistent with the cognitive-developmental approach.