author={Guillermo Pe{\~n}a},
  journal={Annual Review of Anthropology},
  • G. Peña
  • Published 16 September 2005
  • Political Science
  • Annual Review of Anthropology
AbstractThroughout the twentieth century, social and cultural policies toward indigenous peoples in Latin America have been closely related to indigenismo, an ideological movement that denounced the exploitation of aboriginal groups and strove for the cultural unity and the extension of citizenship through social integration and “acculturation.” This review traces the colonial and nineteenth-century roots of indigenismo and places it in the context of the populist tendencies in most Latin… 
Latin America
  • J. Gledhill
  • Political Science, Sociology
    Cambridge Encyclopedia of Anthropology
  • 2020
‘Latin’ America is a region constructed in a context of imperial rivalries and disputes about how to build ‘modern’ nations that made it an ‘other America’ distinct from ‘Anglo’ America. Bringing
'We Have Always Lived Here' - Indigenous Movements, Citizenship and Poverty in Argentina
This paper explores the new politics of difference in Argentina since the 1994 constitutional reform and its ramifications for citizenship and indigenous wellbeing. Through a comparison of land
How Do Real Indians Fish? Neoliberal Multiculturalism and Contested Indigeneities in the Colorado Delta
ABSTRACT  There has been a growing interest in anthropology regarding how certain political conditions set the stage for “articulations” between indigenous movements and environmental actors and
Bridging identity divides in current rural social mobilisation
The shift from a corporatist citizenship regime to a neoliberal one has adversely affected Latin American rural communities and led to widespread social mobilisation and organisation in the
Americas, Sociocultural Overviews: Mexico
‘We Have Always Lived Here’: Indigenous Movements, Citizenship and Poverty in Argentina
A subnational comparison of land struggles among the Diaguita Calchaquí in Tucumán and the Mbya Guaraní in Misiones shows that changing global and national opportunity structures set the stage for indigenous mobilisation, whereas leadership patterns and state–movement relations shape the capacity to mobilise.
La Poli­tica del Buen Amigo: Mexican-Latin American Relations during the Presidency of Lazaro Cardenas, 1934-1940
Lazaro Cardenas (1934-1940) did more than any other president to fulfil the goals of the Mexican Revolution of 1910, by nationalizing the oil industry, establishing rural schools, distributing an
The Declining Use of the Mixtec Language Among Oaxacan Migrants and Stay-at-Homes: The Persistence of Memory, Discrimination, and Social Hierarchies of Power
Drawing on binational ethnographic research regarding Mixtec “social memory” of language discrimination and Mixtec perspectives on recent efforts to preserve and revitalize indigenous language use,
Multiculturalism as a Juridical Weapon: The Use and Abuse of the Concept of ‘Pueblo Originario’ in Agrarian Conflicts in Michoacán, Mexico
This chapter charts the application of multicultural rights, and especially land rights in the wake of the end of the Mexican Agrarian Reform and the beginning of the application of multicultural
Diversity and interculturality : The indigenous school in the context of migration
The objective of the article is to describe and analyze cultural diversity in indigenous schools and the challenges of interculturality in the face of ethnic-racial discrimination. Methodologically,


Anthropology and the ‘Indigenous Slot’
This article examines the present mobilization of indigenous peoples in India and their assertions of indigeneity at the United Nations. The notion of ‘indigenous peoples’ is highly controversial in
Manuel Gamio and Official Indigenismo in Mexico
In the realm of public ideology, the Mexican Revolution was preceded and accompanied by an upsurge in nationalism. Intellectuals as diverse as Andres Molina Enriquez and Jose Vasconcelos denounced
Indian Communities, Political Cultures, and the State in Latin America, 1780–1990
In Tlatelolco, in the symbolically laden Plaza of the Three Cultures, there is a famous plaque commemorating the fall of Tenochtitlán, after a heroic defence organised by Cuauhtemoc. According to the
Multiculturalism in Latin America
Editora / Editor: Rachel Sieder (ed.) Titulo / Title : Multiculturalism in Latin America: Indigenous Rights, Diversity and Democracy (Multiculturalismo en Latinoamerica:
Aspects of Group Relations in a Complex Society: Mexico'
S TARTING from simple beginnings in the twenties, anthropologists have grown increasingly sophisticated about the relationship of nation and community. First, they studied the community in its own
Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru
This is the first study to apply to the topics of workplace democracy or change in political culture both before" and "after" sample survey data as well as long-term participant
From Insurrection to Revolution in Mexico: Social Bases of Agrarian Violence, 1750-1940
The description for this book, From Insurrection to Revolution in Mexico: Social Bases of Agrarian Violence, 1750-1940, will be forthcoming.
Casa del Estudiante Indígena
LA CASA DEL ESTUDIANTE INDIGENA, experimento que se llevo a cabo durante el gobierno de Plutarco Elias Calles para “civilizar” a los indios, es un eslabon mas en la larga cadena de oprobios que por