• Corpus ID: 8790090


  author={Christopher V. Forinash and Adam Millard‐Ball and C D Dougherty and Jeffrey Tumlin},
Many fights over new and changed development center on traffic and parking. Low-density, single-use development causes degradation of the built and natural environments. Its consequences include increased emissions, runoff, and loss of habitat. Many communities have responded by encouraging new development in mixed-use, compact ways that provide housing and travel choices, a style commonly known as smart growth. Because of their characteristics, smart growth developments can typically be served… 

Evaluating the Impact of Transit Service on Parking Demand and Requirements

Many jurisdictions in the United States typically set minimum parking requirements for residential multifamily developments based on old data that were collected in suburban settings with little

Parking Strategies for Suburban Mixed-Use Developments

Recent decades have seen many localities revisiting traditional town center-style development as a response to problems caused by sprawl. In some cases, these more compact developments occur in areas

U.S. Parking Policies: An Overview of Management Strategies

This report identifies core sustainable parking principles and illustrates how smarter parking management can benefit consumers and businesses in time and money savings, while also leading to more

Transit proximity and car parking demand at medium/high density residential developments

Theory suggests that the demand for private vehicle travel is inversely proportional to the utility of the alternative modes available and by extension, the demand for car parking is directly related

Who Really Pays for a Parking Space?

Many large North American cities impose minimum parking space requirements on multifamily residential developments. Concern has arisen, however, that the high cost to provide these spaces raises

Parking Policies in China’s Metropolises: Rationales, Consequences, and Implications

Abstract Metropolises in China, a rapidly motorizing nation, are confronted with the challenge of managing parking pressures. Given the generally increased affordability of cars, most local

Three paradigms in parking policy and their relevance to Australian cities

An upsurge of innovation has been widening policy horizons at this intersection between urban and transport planning. This paper explores the relevance for Australian cities of recent key

Investigating the transferability of the Workplace Parking Levy

Traffic congestion is a significant cost to society, amounting to somewhere between 1 and 2% of GDP according to an EU-wide survey (CE Delft, 2011). To address this cost, road pricing has long been

Off-Street Parking Policy: Towards a Robust Market-based Alternative

This paper addresses and extends upon the recent upsurge of interest in market-oriented reform of car parking policy, which has been reinvigorated by the work of Donald Shoup. His market-oriented




The provision of more affordable housing, transit-oriented development, smart growth, better water quality, reduced traffic congestion, and more walkable and livable communities are just some of the

The High Cost of Free Parking

Urban planners typically set minimum parking requirements to meet the peak demand for parking at each land use, without considering either the price motorists pay for parking or the cost of providing

In Lieu of Required Parking

Some cities allow developers to pay a fee in lieu of providing the parking spaces required by zoning ordinances, and use this revenue to finance public parking spaces to replace the private parking

An Opportunity to Reduce Minimum Parking Requirements

Abstract Employer-paid parking subsidizes about a third of all automobile travel in the United States, and about two-thirds of all automobile travel during the morning peak hours. To reduce traffic

Truth in Transportation Planning

Transportation engineers and urban planners often report uncertain estimates as precise numbers, and unwarranted trust in the accuracy of those precise numbers can lead to bad transportation and

Location Efficiency: Neighborhood and Socio-Economic Characteristics Determine Auto Ownership and Use - Studies in Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco

Auto ownership and mileage per car are shown to vary in a systematic and predictable fashion in response to neighborhood urban design and socio-economic characteristics in the Chicago, Los Angeles,

Senator for Building and Environment. Mobility Services for Urban Sustainability

  • City of Bremen
  • 2002

Flexible Parking Requirements. Planning Advisory Services Report 377

  • Flexible Parking Requirements. Planning Advisory Services Report 377
  • 1983