Corpus ID: 8790090


  author={Christopher V. Forinash and Adam Millard‐Ball and C D Dougherty and Jeffrey Tumlin},
Many fights over new and changed development center on traffic and parking. Low-density, single-use development causes degradation of the built and natural environments. Its consequences include increased emissions, runoff, and loss of habitat. Many communities have responded by encouraging new development in mixed-use, compact ways that provide housing and travel choices, a style commonly known as smart growth. Because of their characteristics, smart growth developments can typically be served… Expand
Evaluating the Impact of Transit Service on Parking Demand and Requirements
Many jurisdictions in the United States typically set minimum parking requirements for residential multifamily developments based on old data that were collected in suburban settings with littleExpand
Parking Strategies for Suburban Mixed-Use Developments
Recent decades have seen many localities revisiting traditional town center-style development as a response to problems caused by sprawl. In some cases, these more compact developments occur in areasExpand
Examining spatial variations in minimum residential parking requirements in Melbourne
Abstract Minimum off-street residential parking requirements are used in many cities as a way to accommodate parking demand associated with new residential development. In some cases, variations toExpand
U.S. Parking Policies: An Overview of Management Strategies
This report identifies core sustainable parking principles and illustrates how smarter parking management can benefit consumers and businesses in time and money savings, while also leading to moreExpand
Transit proximity and car parking demand at medium/high density residential developments
Theory suggests that the demand for private vehicle travel is inversely proportional to the utility of the alternative modes available and by extension, the demand for car parking is directly relatedExpand
Who Really Pays for a Parking Space?
Many large North American cities impose minimum parking space requirements on multifamily residential developments. Concern has arisen, however, that the high cost to provide these spaces raisesExpand
Parking Policies in China’s Metropolises: Rationales, Consequences, and Implications
Abstract Metropolises in China, a rapidly motorizing nation, are confronted with the challenge of managing parking pressures. Given the generally increased affordability of cars, most localExpand
Three paradigms in parking policy and their relevance to Australian cities
An upsurge of innovation has been widening policy horizons at this intersection between urban and transport planning. This paper explores the relevance for Australian cities of recent keyExpand
Investigating the transferability of the Workplace Parking Levy
Traffic congestion is a significant cost to society, amounting to somewhere between 1 and 2% of GDP according to an EU-wide survey (CE Delft, 2011). To address this cost, road pricing has long beenExpand
Off-Street Parking Policy: Towards a Robust Market-based Alternative
This paper addresses and extends upon the recent upsurge of interest in market-oriented reform of car parking policy, which has been reinvigorated by the work of Donald Shoup. His market-orientedExpand


The provision of more affordable housing, transit-oriented development, smart growth, better water quality, reduced traffic congestion, and more walkable and livable communities are just some of theExpand
The High Cost of Free Parking
Urban planners typically set minimum parking requirements to meet the peak demand for parking at each land use, without considering either the price motorists pay for parking or the cost of providingExpand
In Lieu of Required Parking
Some cities allow developers to pay a fee in lieu of providing the parking spaces required by zoning ordinances, and use this revenue to finance public parking spaces to replace the private parkingExpand
An Opportunity to Reduce Minimum Parking Requirements
Abstract Employer-paid parking subsidizes about a third of all automobile travel in the United States, and about two-thirds of all automobile travel during the morning peak hours. To reduce trafficExpand
Truth in Transportation Planning
Transportation engineers and urban planners often report uncertain estimates as precise numbers, and unwarranted trust in the accuracy of those precise numbers can lead to bad transportation andExpand
Evaluating the effects of cashing out employer-paid parking: Eight case studies
California law requires many employers to offer commuters the option to choose cash in lieu of any parking subsidy offered. This report presents case studies of eight firms that have complied withExpand
Location Efficiency: Neighborhood and Socio-Economic Characteristics Determine Auto Ownership and Use - Studies in Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco
Auto ownership and mileage per car are shown to vary in a systematic and predictable fashion in response to neighborhood urban design and socio-economic characteristics in the Chicago, Los Angeles,Expand
City CarShare Vehicle Ownership Survey. Unpublished survey for City CarShare
  • City CarShare Vehicle Ownership Survey. Unpublished survey for City CarShare
  • 2002
Senator for Building and Environment. Mobility Services for Urban Sustainability
  • City of Bremen
  • 2002