SMART CARDS IN ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEMS

@inproceedings{Tokitsu1995SMARTCI,
  title={SMART CARDS IN ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEMS},
  author={Naoki Tokitsu},
  year={1995}
}
Smart cards are currently used in a variety of applications in such varied fields as transportation, finance, communication and within individual companies. In public transportation applications, smart cards have begun to be used as fare cards in the last few years. Within this field, Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) systems are currently attracting the most attention as a major application for smart cards. This article examines the role, benefits and potential for smart cards in ETC operations… CONTINUE READING

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