• Corpus ID: 15359292


  author={Maurice Cusson and Maurice Cusson},
The link between situational crime prevention and deterrence theory can be found in the fear experienced by the offender in certain crime situations. This paper starts with an examination of deterrence theory. It is argued that perceptual deterrence is flawed in three respects. First, it is not time-specific enough, being incapable of grasping the short-term impact of variations in sanctions. Second, it does not specify the concrete contingencies in which crimes are committed. Third, it does… 
Beccaria and Situational Crime Prevention
This article compares Beccaria’s and Situational Crime Prevention’s (SCP) claims across six dimensions. Both perspectives question harsh penalties, embrace crime reduction as a goal, and view some
Perceived Sanction Threats and Projective Risk Sensitivity: Auto Theft, Carjacking, and the Channeling Effect
Although sanction threats promote fear, among committed offenders, that fear can become a resource with which to sculpt emerging crime preferences. In such cases, criminality is not deterred but
Criminal Foreplay: The Process from Target Selection to Victimization
The purpose of this article is to present a model of criminal victimization as the final stage in a process of events that can be anticipated, recognized, and managed. Criminal victimization is
Getting the Upper Hand
Increasing theoretical and empirical interest has turned to the process and dynamics of offender decision making and to how offenders commit discrete acts of crime. One outcome is attention to how
Managing Victim Confrontation: Auto Theft and Informal Sanction Threats
Objectives. This paper explores how offenders manage the prospect of victim confrontation during auto theft. Methods. Data were drawn from in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 35 active
Criminal experience and perceptions of risk: what auto thieves fear when stealing cars
In the past two decades criminologists have devoted considerable attention to modeling the decision-making process of offenders. This literature suggests that while there is a general pattern to
Examining the Direct and Indirect Effects of Fear and Anger on Criminal Decision Making Among Known Offenders
  • Jeffrey A. Bouffard
  • Law, Psychology
    International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2015
Despite their shared negative valence, fear and anger appear to have dissimilar influences on cost perceptions and criminal decision making, which may lead to improved crime prevention approaches.
Reducing the Harm and Risk of Violent Victimization: How to Help a Coworker
The purpose of this article is to present a model that discusses how coworkers can safely intervene to support survivors of violence and reduce their risk of further victimization. There are many
Document Title: Identity Theft: Assessing Offenders' Strategies and Perceptions of Risk
Despite rising rates of identity theft little is known about those who engage in this crime. The current study is exploratory in nature and is designed to shed light on the offenders’ perspectives.
The Value of Understanding the Human Side of Precautionary Behavior for Criminology and Crime Control Policy: The 2021 Bruce Smith Sr. Award Address to the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences
Abstract Criminology has traditionally emphasized the offender, relegating theory, research, and policy on target decision-making to a place of relative unimportance. I advocate a different view. In


The deterrence doctrine and the perceived certainty of legal punishments.
Data from a survey of high school students in Arizona show a close inverse relation among 15 types of crimes or delinquencies between the median or mean perceived certainty of punishment (arrest or reformatory) and rates of self-reported acts, and indicate that the relation could reflect differential social condemnation of crime.
Deterrence and Juvenile Crime: Results from a National Policy Experiment
"Americans have an abiding faith in punishment," asserts Anne Schneider in her introduction of Deterrence and Juvenile Crime. Dr. Schneider explores this "abiding faith" in her volume, overviewing
Research in Criminal Deterrence: Laying the Groundwork for the Second Decade
  • P. Cook
  • Law, Economics
    Crime and Justice
  • 1980
Deterrence theory has been developed primarily by economists, who have viewed potential criminals as rational decision-makers faced with an array of illicit opportunities characterized by costs
Empirical tests of the deterrence doctrine have suffered from two deficiencies: (1) they have rarely been conducted within the context of a more general theory of social control, and (2) they have
The deterrent effect of the perceived certainty and severity of punishment: A review of the evidence and issues
This paper critically examines the role of the perceived certainty and severity of punishment in deterring criminal/deviant behavior. A thorough review of the perceptual deterrence literature from
Police Crackdowns: Initial and Residual Deterrence
Police crackdowns are sudden increases in officer presence, sanctions, and threats of apprehension either for specific offenses or for all offenses in specific places. Of eighteen case studies of
The Preventive Effects of the Perceived Risk of Arrest : Testing an Expanded Conception of Deterrence
In a reexamination of the perceptual deterrence literature. Williams and Hawkins (1986) have suggested that previous tests of the deterrence doctrine have been guided by too narrow a conception of
Law, Science, and Accidents: The British Road Safety Act of 1967
  • H. Ross
  • Law
    The Journal of Legal Studies
  • 1973
THE British Road Safety Act of 1967, which introduced scientific tests to determine and define the crime of drinking and driving, has been the subject of much interest among American lawyers and
The Management of a Mugging
THE TERM &dquo;MUGGING,&dquo; as it is used in everyday speech, refers to acts of robbery committed in public and semipublic places, usually by young and unskilled predators. In two of its essential
L’analyse stratégique et quelques développements récents en criminologie
Strategic analysis views crime as a confrontation and as a mean to an end. It is characterised by : 1) it concentrates on crime; 2) it takes cognizance of the circumstances under which the crime is