author={Luca Biferale},
  journal={Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics},
  • Luca Biferale
  • Published 28 November 2003
  • Physics
  • Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics
▪ Abstract We review the most important theoretical and numerical results obtained in the realm of shell models for the energy-turbulent cascade. We mainly focus here on those results that had or will have some impact on the fluid-dynamics community. In particular, we address the problem of small-scale intermittency by discussing energy–helicity interactions, energy-dissipation multifractality, and universality of intermittency, i.e., independence of anomalous scaling exponents from large-scale… 

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