title={SEGREGATION AND STRATIFICATION: A Biosocial Perspective},
  author={Douglas S. Massey},
  journal={Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race},
  pages={7 - 25}
  • D. Massey
  • Published 1 March 2004
  • History
  • Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
Thirty years after the civil rights era, the United States remains a residentially segregated society in which Blacks and Whites inhabit different neighborhoods of vastly different quality. Given high levels of racial segregation and elevated rates of Black poverty, it is axiomatically true that African Americans will experience more neighborhood poverty than other groups. Moreover, because poverty is associated with crime and delinquency, they will also be exposed to far higher rates of social… 
Residential Segregation and Health Outcomes in the United States: Moving Beyond Black and White
Abstract:Recent research in the United States has found a strong negative association between segregation and minority health outcomes. However, few studies have been conducted which examine this
Race, race-based discrimination, and health outcomes among African Americans.
Emerging work that locates the cause of race-based health disparities in the external effects of the contextual social space on the internal world of brain functioning and physiologic response is reviewed.
A General Strain Theory of Racial Differences in Criminal Offending
Abstract Since 1992, General Strain Theory (GST) has earned strong empirical support and has been applied to several key correlates of crime (e.g., age, sex, community), but researchers have yet to
Does Socioeconomic Status Matter? Race, Class, and Residential Segregation
Spatial assimilation theory predicts that racial and ethnic residential segregation results at least in part from socioeconomic differences across groups. In contrast, the place stratification
The Black–White Gap in Marital Dissolution among Young Adults: What Can a Counterfactual Scenario Tell Us?
One of the most heavily studied subfields of family sociology is that of racial disparities in family formation trends. While divergent black—white patterns in divorce are well documented, their
Social Inequality and Racial Discrimination: Risk Factors for Health Disparities in Children of Color abstract
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 2009
A conceptual model of exposure to racial discrimination as a chronic stressor and a risk factor for poor health outcomes and child health disparities is presented.
Punitive Social Policy and Vital Inequality
  • E. Nosrati, L. King
  • Economics
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2021
These findings contribute to the political economy of population health by relating the rise of the carceral state to the amplification of geographically anchored unequal life chances.


Segregation and Mortality: The Deadly Effects of Racism?
Elevated rates of mortality for African Americans compared to whites, coupled with the persistence of high levels of racial residential segregation, have directed attention to the structural
The Dynamics of Racial Residential Segregation
▪ Abstract The publication of American Apartheid (Massey & Denton 1993) was influential in shifting public discourse back toward racial residential segregation as fundamental to persisting racial
American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass
This article argues that racial segregation is crucial to explaining the emergence of the urban underclass during the 1970s. A strong interaction between rising rates of poverty and high levels of
The Effect of Residential Segregation on Black Social and Economic Well-Being
This paper investigates some of the consequences of black residential segregation using specially compiled data for Philadelphia in 1980. Blacks, like whites, at- tempt to improve their neighborhood
Getting Away With Murder: Segregation and Violent Crime in Urban America
Although rates of violent crime and crime victimization are going down for most groups in the United States,' they are rising for African-Americans.2 A variety of theories have been put forth to
Does Rising Income Bring Integration? New Results for Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians in 1990
Abstract In this paper we update earlier work on racial and ethnic segregation by income to test assertions made by some observers that segregation is now largely a matter of class rather than race.
Racial differentials in infant mortality in the U.S.: an examination of social and health determinants.
It is illustrated that the racial gap in infant mortality is nearly identical for endogenous and exogenous causes of death with the overall rate of infant mortality among African Americans about 2.2 times higher than that for non-Hispanic white Americans.
How segregation concentrates poverty
In this article, we argue that segregation interacts with a variety of structural transformations in society to determine the spatial concentration of poverty. Based on this argument, we then specify
The Ecology of Inequality: Minorities and the Concentration of Poverty, 1970-1980
This article examines trends in the geographic concentration of poverty among whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians in 60 U.S. mentropolitan areas from 1970 to 1980. It describes changes in the
Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States, 1980-2000
This paper presents a meta-analyses of 120 cases of racial segregation in eight US states over a 25-year period from 1991 to 2002 and shows clear trends in segregation by race, ethnicity, income, and educational attainment.