SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF WITNESS MEMORY: Implications for Public and Legal Policy

@article{Wells1995SCIENTIFICSO,
  title={SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF WITNESS MEMORY: Implications for Public and Legal Policy},
  author={Gary L Wells},
  journal={Psychology, Public Policy and Law},
  year={1995},
  volume={1},
  pages={726-731}
}
  • G. Wells
  • Published 1995
  • Psychology
  • Psychology, Public Policy and Law
The legal system relies heavily on human memory. Crime investigations, criminal trials, and many civil trials depend on memory to reconstruct critical events from the past. Getting at the "truth" is often synonymous with establishing the who, what, when, and how of some prior episode. Past events tend to leave traces, and the process of reconstructin g events from the past is aided by various types of trace evidence. These traces can be physical, such as a footprint, a blood stain, or a… Expand
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References

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The risk of eyewitnesses making false identifications is influenced by the methods used to construct and conduct lineups. The legal system could impose 4 simple rules to reduce false identifications:Expand
The case for expert testimony about eyewitness memory.
Eyewitness expert testimony informs a jury about psychological processes and accuracy-related variables in eyewitness testimony. Appropriately chosen testimony is not prejudicial, and it is on soundExpand
Witness confidence and witness accuracy: Assessing their forensic relation.
Jurors overbelieve eyewitnesses, have difficulty reliably differentiating accurate from inaccurate eyewitnesses, and are not adequately sensitive to aspects of witnessing and identificationExpand
INTERVIEWING VICTIMS AND WITNESSES OF CRIME
Despite the importance of eyewitness information in criminal investigation, police receive inadequate training to interview cooperative witnesses. They make avoidable mistakes that minimize theExpand
The psychology of person identification
EARWITNESS SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION
The scientific basis of speaker identification by human listeners and its generalization to the procedures and practices of the police and to the decision making of the courts have been bothExpand
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