SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF WITNESS MEMORY: Implications for Public and Legal Policy

@article{Wells1995SCIENTIFICSO,
  title={SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF WITNESS MEMORY: Implications for Public and Legal Policy},
  author={Gary L Wells},
  journal={Psychology, Public Policy and Law},
  year={1995},
  volume={1},
  pages={726-731}
}
  • G. Wells
  • Published 1 December 1995
  • Psychology
  • Psychology, Public Policy and Law
The legal system relies heavily on human memory. Crime investigations, criminal trials, and many civil trials depend on memory to reconstruct critical events from the past. Getting at the "truth" is often synonymous with establishing the who, what, when, and how of some prior episode. Past events tend to leave traces, and the process of reconstructin g events from the past is aided by various types of trace evidence. These traces can be physical, such as a footprint, a blood stain, or a… 
Eyewitness Memory for People and Events
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Witnesses to Crime
A criminal trial involves people who take the stand and recount events that they witnessed firsthand. The purpose of their testimony is to aid the triers of fact in making determinations about a
Perceptions of credibility for a memory report of a single versus repeated event
Summary: When a person experiences an event that has multiple similar instances (i.e., a repeated event), memories for details that change across instances are challenging to recall. We expected that
The Eyewitness Post Identification Feedback Effect 15 Years Later: Theoretical and Policy Implications
Eyewitnesses' retrospective reports of certainty, view, attention, and other judgments constitute central variables used by courts to assess the credibility of eyewitness identification evidence.
Handbook of psychology in legal contexts
About the Editors. List of Contributors. Preface. Introduction: Psychology and Law: A Subdiscipline, an Interdisciplinary Collaboration or a Project? (D. Carson). PART 1: PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS
The Effects of Memory Conformity and the Cross-Race Effect in Eyewitness Testimony
This study investigates the malleability of the eyewitness memory by analyzing the effects of Memory Conformity and Cross-Race Effect (CRE) among Asian ethnic groups. A live crime enactment (snatch
Descriptive Eyewitness Testimony: The Influence of Emotionality, Racial Identification, Question Style, and Selective Perception
A number of studies on cross-racial identifications have been undertaken using standard facial recognition paradigms, but modest attention has been paid to the effect of cross-racial identifications
Eyewitness identification : improving police lineups for suspects with distinctive features
Eyewitnesses‘ descriptions of suspects often refer to distinctive facial features, such as tattoos or scars, and the police have to decide how best to create fair lineups in these circumstances.
Eyewitness Testimony in Occupational Accident Investigations: Towards a Research Agenda
TLDR
It is suggested that the literature on accident investigation is based on a model of witnesses as neutral and accurate recording devices, which is a departure from the current literature on eyewitness testimony and criminal investigation.
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The risk of eyewitnesses making false identifications is influenced by the methods used to construct and conduct lineups. The legal system could impose 4 simple rules to reduce false identifications:
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Eyewitness expert testimony informs a jury about psychological processes and accuracy-related variables in eyewitness testimony. Appropriately chosen testimony is not prejudicial, and it is on sound
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Jurors overbelieve eyewitnesses, have difficulty reliably differentiating accurate from inaccurate eyewitnesses, and are not adequately sensitive to aspects of witnessing and identification
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Despite the importance of eyewitness information in criminal investigation, police receive inadequate training to interview cooperative witnesses. They make avoidable mistakes that minimize the
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The scientific basis of speaker identification by human listeners and its generalization to the procedures and practices of the police and to the decision making of the courts have been both
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