S1P receptor 1-Mediated Anti-Renin-Angiotensin System Cardioprotection: Pivotal Role of Mast Cell Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Type 2.

@article{Marino2017S1PR1,
  title={S1P receptor 1-Mediated Anti-Renin-Angiotensin System Cardioprotection: Pivotal Role of Mast Cell Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Type 2.},
  author={Alice Marino and Takuya Sakamoto and Pablo A Robador and Kengo Tomita and Roberto Levi},
  journal={The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics},
  year={2017},
  volume={362 2},
  pages={
          230-242
        }
}
In the ischemic-reperfused (I/R) heart, renin-containing mast cells (MC) release enzymatically active renin, activating a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS), causing excessive norepinephrine release and arrhythmic dysfunction. Activation of Gi-receptors on MC and/or ischemic preconditioning (IPC) prevent renin release, thus providing anti-RAS cardioprotection. We questioned whether sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a sphingolipid produced in the I/R heart, might afford anti-RAS cardioprotection… CONTINUE READING