Rwanda’s involvement in Eastern DRC: A criminal real options approach

  title={Rwanda’s involvement in Eastern DRC: A criminal real options approach},
  author={Danny Cassimon and Peter-Jan Engelen and Filip Reyntjens},
  journal={Crime, Law and Social Change},
This paper applies an alternative model to analyze criminal behaviour by countries based on real option models. Criminal options incorporate a richer framework than traditional cost-benefit models and allow examining the optimal timing of a crime as criminals have the possibility but not the obligation to commit a crime in the near future. From the model, we show how criminal states can actively manage their criminal options. More importantly, we show how the international community can… 
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Real Options


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