Rwanda: The Perils of Peacemaking

  title={Rwanda: The Perils of Peacemaking},
  author={C. Clapham},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={193 - 210}
  • C. Clapham
  • Published 1998
  • Engineering
  • Journal of Peace Research
External mediation in civil conflicts since the end of the Cold War has rested on a standardized conflict resolution mechanism, which differs significantly from the state-centric mechanism prevalent during the Cold War. This accords a broadly equal standing to all parties to the conflict, and seeks to reach a settlement acceptable to them all. This, in turn, calls for a ceasefire, followed by either of two mechanisms designed to create a liberal constitutional order, guaranteed by… Expand
The Burundi Peace Negotiations: An African Experience of Peace–making
Contemporary peace negotiations in Africa reflect perceived changes in the nature of warfare in the post-Cold War, neo-liberal era. ‘New wars’ are characterised as predominantly civil warfare that isExpand
Peacebuilding: assumptions, practices and critiques
Peacebuilding has become a guiding principle of international intervention in the periphery since its inclusion in the United Nations’ (UN) Agenda for Peace in 1992.1 With the objective of creatingExpand
At War's End: The Origins of Peacebuilding
As the Cold War was coming to a close in 1989, the United Nations launched its first major peacebuilding mission in Namibia, following the negotiation of a peace settlement in that country'sExpand
Challenges to peace: conflict resolution in the great lakes region of Africa
Abstract Efforts to bring peace and reconstruction to the Central African region have been fashioned by contemporary conflict resolution models that have a standard formula of peace negotiations,Expand
At War's End: The Limits of Wilsonianism: Understanding the Dangers
Despite the many differences among the eleven peacebuilding operations launched between 1989 and 1998, these missions have pursued a broadly common strategy, seeking to transform war-shattered statesExpand
Conflict resolution and peacekeeping: Critiques and responses
Three critiques, presented recently in separate pieces by David Shearer, Christopher Clapham and Mark Duffield, raise serious issues about the nature of conflict resolution and its usefulness andExpand
Peace through Government: Delineating the Post-Conflict State-Building Dispositif
Notoriously, state-building is a key enterprise in regard of addressing the international conflicts throughout the globe. The consolidation of peace associated to it is intimately connected with theExpand
Challenges to Peace: confi ct resolution in the Great Lakes region
Efforts to bring peace and reconstruction to the Central African region have been fashioned by contemporary conflict resolution models that have a standard formula of peace negotiations, with aExpand
This thesis aims to contribute to the literature on the resolution of ethnic conflicts. By analyzing Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burundi, and Rwanda, it explores the components of a peace agreement,Expand
At War's End: The Liberal Peace Thesis
Democracy contributes to safety and prosperity – both in national life and in international life – it's that simple. – Strobe Talbott, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State, 1997 As noted in theExpand


Ending Mozambique's War: The Role of Mediation and Good Offices
Fifteen years after winning independence in 1975, Mozambique was wracked by insurgency, devastated by drought, and battered by conflicts with its neighbors. A less auspicious beginning for a newExpand
Conflict resolution in Africa
While dramatic changes are taking place on the international scene and among the major powers, Africa continues to suffer from a multitude of violent conflicts. The toll of these conflicts isExpand
Peace operations: From short‐term to long‐term commitment
By developing a strategic approach to the implementation of peace accords in civil war, the United Nations can better the odds for ending a war and fostering development in the long run. RecentExpand
Reinventing Governments
The United Nations has assumed a prominent post-cold war role as an agent of democratic transitions in Third World states long torn by civil strife. Called “postconflict peace building” by theExpand
Managing Transition Anarchies: Rwanda, Burundi and South Africa in Comparative Perspective
Against the backdrop of Africa's recent transitions to multi-party democracy, two countries stand at opposite ends of a spectrum of success and failure that ranges from the apocalyptic to the nearlyExpand
The Ideology of Genocide
Mobilizing thousands of Rwandans to slaughter tens of thousands of others required effective organization. Far from the “Failed State” syndrome that appears to plague some parts of Africa, Rwanda wasExpand
A critique of Western conflict resolution from a non-Western perspective
The following are reflections on the premises and assumptions of Western conflict resolution as viewed from another cultural perspective, in this case, Arab. They derive from exposure to conflictExpand
Exile, Reform, and the Rise of the Rwandan Patriotic Front
In July 1994, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and its armed wing, the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), 1 entered Kigali after routing the former regime and putting an end to months of genocide inExpand
The Rwanda crisis, 1959-1994 : history of a genocide
Rwandese society and the colonial impact - the making of a cultural mythology, 1894-1959 the Hutu Republic, 1959-1990 civil war and foreign intervention, October 1990-July 1991 slouching towardsExpand
The new struggle for democracy in Africa
Introduction - "new", "struggle" and "democarcy" the evidence from 48 states pressure for change preparing the ground for democratic transitions - national conferences and referendums parties andExpand