Russian Old Believers: Genetic Consequences of Their Persecution and Exile, as Shown by Mitochondrial DNA Evidence

  title={Russian Old Believers: Genetic Consequences of Their Persecution and Exile, as Shown by Mitochondrial DNA Evidence},
  author={Samara Rubinstein and Matthew C. Dulik and Omer Gokcumen and Sergey I. Zhadanov and L. P. Osipova and Maggie Cocca and Nishi Mehta and Marija Gubina and Olga L. Posukh and Theodore G. Schurr},
  booktitle={Human biology},
Abstract In 1653, the Patriarch Nikon modified liturgical practices to bring the Russian Orthodox Church in line with those of the Eastern (Greek) Orthodox Church, from which it had split 200 years earlier. The Old Believers (staroveri) rejected these changes and continued to worship using the earlier practices. These actions resulted in their persecution by the Russian Orthodox Church, which forced them into exile across Siberia. Given their history, we investigate whether populations of Old… 
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