Rural–urban scaling of age, mortality, crime and property reveals a loss of expected self-similar behaviour

@article{Sutton2020RuralurbanSO,
  title={Rural–urban scaling of age, mortality, crime and property reveals a loss of expected self-similar behaviour},
  author={Jacky Sutton and Golnaz Shahtahmassebi and Haroldo V. Ribeiro and Quentin S. Hanley},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
  year={2020},
  volume={10}
}
The urban scaling hypothesis has improved our understanding of cities; however, rural areas have been neglected. We investigated rural–urban population density scaling in England and Wales using 67 indicators of crime, mortality, property, and age. Most indicators exhibited segmented scaling about a median critical density of 27 people per hectare. Above the critical density, urban regions preferentially attract young adults (25–40 years) and lose older people (> 45 years). Density scale… 

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