Running with the Red Queen: the role of biotic conflicts in evolution

  title={Running with the Red Queen: the role of biotic conflicts in evolution},
  author={Michael A Brockhurst and Tracey Chapman and Kayla C King and Judith E. Mank and Steve Paterson and Gregory D D Hurst},
  booktitle={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
What are the causes of natural selection? Over 40 years ago, Van Valen proposed the Red Queen hypothesis, which emphasized the primacy of biotic conflict over abiotic forces in driving selection. Species must continually evolve to survive in the face of their evolving enemies, yet on average their fitness remains unchanged. We define three modes of Red Queen coevolution to unify both fluctuating and directional selection within the Red Queen framework. Empirical evidence from natural… CONTINUE READING
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