Running and breathing in mammals.

  title={Running and breathing in mammals.},
  author={D. M. Bramble and D. Carrier},
  volume={219 4582},
  • D. M. Bramble, D. Carrier
  • Published 1983
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
  • Mechanical constraints appear to require that locomotion and breathing be synchronized in running mammals. Phase locking of limb and respiratory frequency has now been recorded during treadmill running in jackrabbits and during locomotion on solid ground in dogs, horses, and humans. Quadrupedal species normally synchronize the locomotor and respiratory cycles at a constant ratio of 1:1 (strides per breath) in both the trot and gallop. Human runners differ from quadrupeds in that while running… CONTINUE READING
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