Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder

  title={Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder},
  author={Tanja Michael and Sarah L. Halligan and David M. Clark and Anke Ehlers},
  journal={Depression and Anxiety},
Recent studies have shown that rumination is a powerful predictor of persistent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, to date, the mechanisms by which rumination maintains PTSD symptoms are little understood. Two studies of assault survivors, a cross‐sectional (N = 81) and a 6‐month prospective longitudinal study (N = 73), examined several facets of ruminative thinking to establish which aspects of rumination provide the link to PTSD. The current investigation showed that rumination is… 
The Role of Rumination in Elevating Perceived Stress in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Results indicated that perceived stress mediates the relationship between rumination and PTSD, but did not do so after controlling for depression, which provides further evidence for the overlap between PTSD and MDD.
Rumination in PTSD as well as in Traumatized and Non-Traumatized Depressed Patients: A Cross-Sectional Clinical Study
The results corroborate the assumption of rumination being a transdiagnostic process, with similarities but also with important differences across diagnostic groups, and support recent research on the intricate relationship between different types of intrusive cognitions.
Analogue PTSD Symptoms are Best Predicted by State Rumination
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a severe mental disorder characterized by distressing intrusions. Since not all traumatized individuals develop PTSD, it is important to understand its
Neural Correlates of Rumination in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Before and After Cognitive Processing Therapy
The utilization of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques to examine biomarkers and neural activity patterns related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has provided a way to
Does rumination mediate the relationship between emotion regulation ability and posttraumatic stress disorder?
The view that rumination is used as a dysfunctional emotion regulation strategy by trauma survivors using it to maintain posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms is supported.
Intrusive thoughts and rumination in young people with depression, PTSD and a non-clinical control group.
Introduction: Intrusive thoughts (Ciesla & Roberts, 2007; Tanaka et al., 2006) and rumination (Nolen-Hoeksema, Parker & Larson, 1994; Papageorgiou & Wells, 2004) have been found to play a role in


A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Posttraumatic stress disorder following assault: the role of cognitive processing, trauma memory, and appraisals.
Comparisons of current, past, and no-PTSD groups suggested that peritraumatic cognitive processing is related to the development of disorganized memories and PTSD.
Maintenance of Intrusive Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Cognitive Approach
The need to investigate factors involved in the maintenance of intrusive traumatic recollections is discussed, suggesting that the idiosyncratic meaning of the intrusive recollections predicts the distress caused by them, and the degree to which the individual engages in strategies to control the intrusions.
Unwanted memories of assault: what intrusion characteristics are associated with PTSD?
Distinct and Overlapping Features of Rumination and Worry: The Relationship of Cognitive Production to Negative Affective States
Worry and rumination are cognitive processes, often represented as verbal or linguistic activities. Despite similarities in definition and description, worry has been most closely examined in
Worry and Rumination: Repetitive Thought as a Concomitant and Predictor of Negative Mood
Worry and depressive rumination have both been described as unproductive, repetitive thought which contributes to anxiety or depression, respectively. It was hypothesized that repetitive thought,
Ruminative Response Style and Vulnerability to Episodes of Dysphoria: Gender, Neuroticism, and Episode Duration
A number of recent laboratory and prospectivefield studies suggest that the tendency to ruminateabout dysphoric moods is associated with more severe andpersistent negative emotional experiences
PTSD symptoms, response to intrusive memories and coping in ambulance service workers.
The results are consistent with the hypothesis that coping strategies and responses to intrusive memories that prevent emotional processing of the distressing event maintain PTSD and support Ehlers & Steil's (1995) hypotheses about the role of negative interpretations of post-traumatic intrusions in PTSD.
Metacognitive therapy for PTSD: a preliminary investigation of a new brief treatment.
  • A. Wells, S. Sembi
  • Psychology
    Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry
  • 2004