Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder

@article{Michael2007RuminationIP,
  title={Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder},
  author={Tanja Michael and Sarah L. Halligan and David M. Clark and Anke Ehlers},
  journal={Depression and Anxiety},
  year={2007},
  volume={24}
}
Recent studies have shown that rumination is a powerful predictor of persistent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, to date, the mechanisms by which rumination maintains PTSD symptoms are little understood. Two studies of assault survivors, a cross‐sectional (N = 81) and a 6‐month prospective longitudinal study (N = 73), examined several facets of ruminative thinking to establish which aspects of rumination provide the link to PTSD. The current investigation showed that rumination is… 
The Role of Rumination in Elevating Perceived Stress in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
TLDR
Results indicated that perceived stress mediates the relationship between rumination and PTSD, but did not do so after controlling for depression, which provides further evidence for the overlap between PTSD and MDD.
Rumination in PTSD as well as in Traumatized and Non-Traumatized Depressed Patients: A Cross-Sectional Clinical Study
TLDR
The results corroborate the assumption of rumination being a transdiagnostic process, with similarities but also with important differences across diagnostic groups, and support recent research on the intricate relationship between different types of intrusive cognitions.
Analogue PTSD Symptoms are Best Predicted by State Rumination
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a severe mental disorder characterized by distressing intrusions. Since not all traumatized individuals develop PTSD, it is important to understand its
Neural Correlates of Rumination in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Before and After Cognitive Processing Therapy
The utilization of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques to examine biomarkers and neural activity patterns related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has provided a way to
Does rumination mediate the relationship between emotion regulation ability and posttraumatic stress disorder?
TLDR
The view that rumination is used as a dysfunctional emotion regulation strategy by trauma survivors using it to maintain posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms is supported.
Intrusive thoughts and rumination in young people with depression, PTSD and a non-clinical control group.
Introduction: Intrusive thoughts (Ciesla & Roberts, 2007; Tanaka et al., 2006) and rumination (Nolen-Hoeksema, Parker & Larson, 1994; Papageorgiou & Wells, 2004) have been found to play a role in
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