Rumination Reconsidered: A Psychometric Analysis

  title={Rumination Reconsidered: A Psychometric Analysis},
  author={Wendy Treynor and Richard D. Gonzalez and Susan Nolen-Hoeksema},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
In an attempt to eliminate similar item content as an alternative explanation for the relation between depression and rumination, a secondary analysis was conducted using the data from S. Nolen-Hoeksema, J. Larson, and C. Grayson (1999). After constructing a measure of rumination unconfounded with depression content, support for a two factor model of rumination was found. These analyses indicate that the 2 components, reflective pondering and brooding, differentially relate to depression in… 

Factor structure of the Ruminative Responses Scale: A community-sample study

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On Assessing Individual Differences in Rumination on Sadness

The Rumination on Sadness Scale (RSS) was developed as an individual-difference measure of rumination on sadness, and individuals with high RSS scores exhibited more distress regarding current concerns with the introduction of a delay period after a sad mood induction.

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A number of recent laboratory and prospectivefield studies suggest that the tendency to ruminateabout dysphoric moods is associated with more severe andpersistent negative emotional experiences

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Rumination is engaging in a passive focus on one's symptoms of distress and on the possible causes and consequences of these symptoms. Women are more likely than men to engage in rumination. This

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Results suggest that the PrSC scale confounds two unrelated, motivationally distinct dispositions--rumination and reflection--and that this confounding may account for the "self-absorption paradox" implicit in PrSC research findings: Higher PrSC scores are associated with more accurate and extensive self-knowledge yet higher levels of psychological distress.

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Previous research has found anxiety sensitivity (AS) to be elevated in persons with major depression, and a facet of AS referred to as fear of cognitive dyscontrol or fear of mental incapacitation

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It was hypothesized that distracting, active responses would be more effective in alleviating a depressed mood than would ruminative, passive responses, and the greatest remediation of depressed mood was found in Ss in the distracting-active response condition.

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Worry and depressive rumination have both been described as unproductive, repetitive thought which contributes to anxiety or depression, respectively. It was hypothesized that repetitive thought,