Rulers of the Ruhr: Leadership and Authority in German Big Business Before 1914

@article{Spencer1979RulersOT,
  title={Rulers of the Ruhr: Leadership and Authority in German Big Business Before 1914},
  author={Elaine Glovka Spencer},
  journal={Business History Review},
  year={1979},
  volume={53},
  pages={40 - 64}
}
  • E. Spencer
  • Published 1 March 1979
  • History, Economics
  • Business History Review
The rise of heavy industry and its managerial elite in the German Empire and in the United States provides stimuhting parallels and contrasts. Professor Spencer discusses the social constraints under which a professional management class developed in the German coal, iron, and steel industry during the generation before World War I. Ranking distinctly below the landed aristocracy and the governmental bureaucracy (both of which they would gladly have emulated), and preoccupied with the… 
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