Rubber Oxidation and Tire Aging - A Review

  title={Rubber Oxidation and Tire Aging - A Review},
  author={John M. Baldwin and David R. Bauer},
  journal={Rubber Chemistry and Technology},
Abstract While a new tire may have excellent resistance to crack initiation and propagation between the steel belts, an aged tire of the exact same construction can exhibit dramatically reduced crack growth resistance, which in some cases may contribute to tire failure. This article will review the research that has gone into quantifying the rate of oxidation the steel belt rubber oxidizes in different climates from tire samples retrieved from consumers' vehicles. The information obtained from… 
Thermal aging behaviors of the waste tire rubber used in bitumen modification
Considering the application scenarios of rubber granules from waste tires in the bitumen modification process (wet or dry process), both aerobic and anaerobic aging of rubber may occur. The current
Vagaries of elastomer service life predictions
Abstract Generally, the useful life of a rubber component is governed by its susceptibility to failure by either mechanical or chemical deterioration. There are well established laboratory tests to
ABSTRACT Many countries are implementing regulatory programs to promote the use of transportation technologies that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance fuel economy of vehicles. These
Aging Resistant Elastomer Reinforcement by Antioxidant Loaded Clay Nanotubes
An aging resistant styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) composite was prepared by using N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (antioxidant 4010NA) loaded halloysite nanotube (HNT) as filler. The
Highly aging-resistant elastomers doped with antioxidant-loaded clay nanotubes.
A novel aging-resistant styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) composite is prepared using the antioxidant N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (4010NA) loaded inside of halloysite clay nanotubes and
Environmental and health impacts of artificial turf: a review.
Preliminary life cycle assessment suggested that the environmental impacts of artificial turf fields were lower than equivalent grass fields, and areas that need further research to better understand and mitigate the potential negative environmental impacts are identified.
Evolution of terahertz dielectric permittivity of rubber during thermo‐oxidative aging
Polymer materials such as rubber and plastics are prone to aging induced degradation, especially thermo‐oxidative aging. In this paper, terahertz time‐domain spectroscopy was employed to investigate
Predictive model of dynamic properties of elastomers in thermal degradation environment
In dynamic systems, numerous structural components, such as mounts, bushings, and tires, deteriorate over time due to environmental conditions. In these elastomers, the typical environmental factor


Field Aging of Tires, Part II
In an attempt to better understand the mechanism of rubber aging in tires, used tires were retrieved from customer cars. Consumers were contacted in six cities located throughout the United States
Accelerated Aging of Tires, Part II
Abstract The purpose of this research is to determine the conditions whereby a new tire can be artificially aged in an accelerated manner, in order to duplicate the actual mechanism of chemical agi...
Effects of Nitrogen Inflation on Tire Aging and Performance
There has been a substantial amount of interest in N2 inflation of tires over the years. N2 tire inflation is used in the aerospace and racing industries and is beginning to make inroads into the
Peel Adhesion As A Measure Of Rubber Properties For Steel Belted Radial Tires
  • 2001
Development of an Industry Test Standard for Aged Tire Durability
  • 2005