Routine culture‐based screening versus risk‐based management for the prevention of early‐onset group B streptococcus disease in the neonate: a systematic review

@article{Kurz2015RoutineCS,
  title={Routine culture‐based screening versus risk‐based management for the prevention of early‐onset group B streptococcus disease in the neonate: a systematic review},
  author={Ella Kurz and Deborah Lee Davis},
  journal={JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports},
  year={2015},
  volume={13},
  pages={206–246}
}
  • Ella Kurz, D. Davis
  • Published 15 August 2014
  • Medicine
  • JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Background Early‐onset group B streptococcus disease, recognized as the most common cause of early onset neonatal sepsis in developed countries, is transmitted vertically from the group B streptococcus carrier mother to the neonate in the peripartum. Accordingly, early‐onset group B streptococcus disease is prevented by halting the transmission of the microorganism from the mother to the infant. Two main methods, routine culture‐based screening and risk‐based management, may be used in the… 
Screening-based and Risk-based Strategy for the Prevention of Early-onset Group B Streptococcus/Non-group B Streptococcus Sepsis in the Neonate: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
TLDR
Compared with risk-based strategy, screening-based prophylaxis was associated with a reduced risk of GBS-EOS.
Group B streptococcal screening, intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, and neonatal early-onset infection rates in an Australian local health district: 2006-2016
TLDR
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Universal screening versus risk‐based protocols for antibiotic prophylaxis during childbirth to prevent early‐onset group B streptococcal disease: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
TLDR
Early‐onset group B streptococcal (EOGBS) disease (including sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia) causes significant morbidity and mortality in newborn infants worldwide and no uniform criteria exist to identify eligible women for prophylaxis.
Utility of neonatal early-onset sepsis calculator in risk-based group B Streptococcus screening approach
  • M. Kim
  • Medicine
    Clinical and experimental pediatrics
  • 2020
TLDR
The impact of GBS status when applying the EOS calculator in risk-based GBS screening is evaluated, as it calculates the GBS risk and recommends management at birth and after the recalculation of a definitive EOS status.
Protocol for a Diagnostic Accuracy Study of Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detecting Group B Streptococcus Colonisation in Early Labour or with Spontaneous Ruptured Membranes
TLDR
This study will compare the diagnostic accuracy of Polymerase Chain Reaction screening and antenatal culture-based screening at 35 to 37 weeks gestational age, with the reference standard of formal culture- based testing in labour, to improve the accuracy of GBS screening of pregnant women.
Universal antenatal screening for group B streptococcus colonisation in the UK
TLDR
GBS infection is an important health condition and its persistence, poor screening tests and the IAP harms stress the need for a better understanding of the natural history of GBS and more effective prevention, therefore, screening should not be introduced in the UK.
Neonatal Sepsis
TLDR
A review of neonatal sepsis by identifying its associated risk factors and most common causative pathogens, reviewing features of the term and preterm neonatal immune systems that increase vulnerability to infection, describing previous and the most current management recommendations, and discussing relevant implications for the neonatal nurse and novice Neonatal nurse practitioner are provided.
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