Rotten trade: Millennial capitalism, human values and global justice in organs trafficking

  title={Rotten trade: Millennial capitalism, human values and global justice in organs trafficking},
  author={Nancy Scheper‐Hughes},
  journal={Journal of Human Rights},
  pages={197 - 226}
This article documents the growth of “transplant tourism” and the global traffic in human bodies, desires, and needs. Organ transplantation today takes place in a transnational space with surgeons, patients, donors, sellers and brokers following new paths of capital and technology. In general, organs flow from South to North, from third to first world, and from poorer to richer bodies, and from black and brown to whites and from females to males. The “scarcity” of organs and tissues combined… 

Human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal

The results show that recipients and donors have been exploited using illicit acts and means with the purpose of organ removal by loose, flexible combinations of numerous organized criminal networks and actors that have joined forces to facilitate illegal kidney transplants on a global level in an extremely well-organized manner.

The Deserving And Undeserving: Examining Ontario's New Strategy For Organ And Tissue Donation

This paper acknowledges Canadian patient engagement in systems of organ trafficking, and explores the current strategy enacted by Trillium Gift of Life Network to improve organ and tissue donation and transplantation (OTDT) in Ontario and its potential to mitigate transplant tourism.

Transplant Tourism: The Ethics and Regulation of International Markets for Organs

  • I. Cohen
  • Medicine
    Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
  • 2013
This article focuses on the sale of kidneys, the most common subject of transplant tourism, though much of what is said could be applied to other organs as well.

A Womb That Is (Not Always) One's Own

Abstract The global diffusion of technology has spurred growth across a variety of sectors and increased linkages among actors in the global political economy. Advances in communication and travel

The Tyranny of the Gift: Sacrificial Violence in Living Donor Transplants

  • N. Scheper‐Hughes
  • Medicine
    American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
  • 2007
As the proportion of living over deceased donors (especially of kidneys) has increased markedly in the past decade, the time is ripe to revisit the topic, which the author shall do via three vignettes, all of them informed by his 10 years as founding Director of Organs Watch.

“Robin Hood” of Techno-Turkey or Organ Trafficking in the State of Ethical Beings

This paper explores practices in state and university hospitals and the ethical dilemmas doctors encounter to understand where and how judicial, cultural, and social categories of “human rights” and “crime” are constructed in the authors' high-tech world.

Changing cartographies of health in a globalizing world

Anthropologists have described, often in eloquent detail, local destruction of opportunities to lead a healthy life (the social determinants of health) attendant on the macroscale economic processes

Trafficking in part(s): The commercial kidney market in a Manila slum, Philippines

The presumption of trafficking in commercial kidney markets is taken issue, using the thriving underground kidney market of Baseco, Manila as a site for this discussion, finding that kidney providers are not the object of any other social policy interventions which could enhance their livelihood and health situations.

The Illegal Kidney Trade: Who Benefits?

It is suggested that a stringent regulatory mechanism, a strong political will to increase the rate of organ donation and early screening of chronic kidney diseases might reduce the demand of organs for transplantation and limit the trade of organs.



The Ends of the Body--Commodity Fetishism and the Global Traffic in Organs

A the neoliberal readjustments of the new global economy, there has been a rapid growth of “medical tourism” for transplant surgery and other advanced biomedical and surgical procedures, which has created a global scarcity of viable organs.

The Global Traffic in Human Organs - eScholarship

Inspired by Sweetness and Power, in which Sidney Mintz traces the colonial and mercantilist routes of enslaving tastes and artificial needs, this paper maps a late-20th-century global trade in

Commodity Fetishism in Organs Trafficking

This article draws on a five-year, multi-sited transnational research project on the global traffic in human organs, tissues, and body parts from the living as well as from the dead as a misrecognized form of human sacrifice to suggest the ultimate fetish is the idea of `life' as object of manipulation.

Millennial Capitalism and the Culture of Neoliberalism

The essays in Millennial Capitalism and the Culture of Neoliberalism pose a series of related questions: How are we to understand capitalism at the millennium? Is it a singular or polythetic

Where it hurts: Indian material for an ethics of organ transplantation.

The author argues that most people who sell their organs in India do so in order to pay already existing debts, and the transaction is only temporarily an exchange of life for life, and most donors are back in debt soon after the operation.

Death without weeping: the violence of everyday life in Brazil

highlighted starvation amidst plenty. Brazil grew very rapidly, at 7 percent per year from 1940 to 1980, but under ruthless military rule from the late 1960s to 1982, the incidence of malnutrition

Ethical issues in nephrology—Jewish perspectives

Jewish medical ethics, in the sense of normative Jewish law and philosophy applied to practical medical issues, is derived from and based upon the halakhic sources and deliberations, and distinguished from secular medical ethics in its range.

Economic and health consequences of selling a kidney in India.

Among paid donors in India, selling a kidney does not lead to a long-term economic benefit and may be associated with a decline in health, so Physicians and policy makers should reexamine the value of using financial incentives to increase the supply of organs for transplantation.

Scarce Goods: Justice, Fairness, and Organ Transplantation

Preface Lifeboat Ethics and the case of the William Brown The Scales of Justice: Principles and Practice Scarce Goods: The Contexts of Solid Organ Transplantation The Scales of Justice: Theories and

[Tearoom trade. Impersonal sex in public places].

An enlarged edition of Tearoom Trade includes the original text, together with a retrospect, written by Nicholas von Hoffman, Irving Louis Horowitz, Lee Rainwater, Donald P. Warwick, and Myron Glazer, and David Humphreys added a postscript and his views on the opinion expressed in the retrospect.