Rotating molecular outflows : the young T Tauri star in CB 26 ⋆


Context. The disk-outflow connection is thought to play a key role in extracting excess angular momentum from a forming proto-star. Though jet rotation has been observed in a few objects, no rotation of molecular outflows has been unambiguously reported so far. Aims. We report new millimeter-interferometric observations of the edge-on T Tauri star – disk system in the isolated Bok globule CB 26. The aim of these observations was to study the disk-outflow relation in this 1 Myr old low-mass young stellar object. Methods. The IRAM PdBI array was used to observe 12CO(2–1) at 1.3 mm in two configurations, resulting in spectral line maps with 1.5′′ resolution. We use an empirical parameterized steady-state outflow model combined with 2-D line radiative transfer calculations and χ2-minimization in parameter space to derive a best-fit model and constrain parameters of the outflow. Results. The data reveal a previously undiscovered collimated bipolar molecular outflow of total length ≈ 2000 AU, escaping perpendicular to the plane of the disk. We find peculiar kinematic signatures that suggest the outflow is rotating with the same orientation as the disk. However, we could not ultimately exclude jet precession or two misaligned flows as possible origin of the observed peculiar velocity field. There is indirect indication that the embedded driving source is a binary system, which, together with the youth of the source, could provide the clue to the observed kinematic features of the outflow. Conclusions. CB 26 is so far the most promising source to study the rotation of a molecular outflow. Assuming that the outflow is rotating, we compute and compare masses, mass flux, angular momenta, and angular momentum flux of disk and outflow and derive disk dispersal timescales of 0.5 . . . 1 Myr, comparable to the age of the system.

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@inproceedings{Chen2008RotatingMO, title={Rotating molecular outflows : the young T Tauri star in CB 26 ⋆}, author={Xuepeng Chen and Anne Dutrey and St{\'e}phane Guilloteau and Thomas Henning and Vincent Pi{\'e}tu and Katharina Schreyer and Dmitry A. Semenov}, year={2008} }