Ross Granville Harrison, 1870-1959

@article{Abercrombie1961RossGH,
  title={Ross Granville Harrison, 1870-1959},
  author={Melvin L. Abercrombie},
  journal={Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society},
  year={1961},
  pages={110 - 126}
}
  • M. Abercrombie
  • Published 1 November 1961
  • Medicine
  • Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
The published research of Ross Harrison, the inventor of tissue culture, and amongst the greatest of experimental embryologists, spans a period of 54 years. Before describing this immensely important contribution to biological knowledge, which must be the main concern of this memoir, the biographical framework in which it was made needs first to be sketched. Harrison was born on 13 January 1870, in Germantown (Philadelphia), Pennsylvania. His father, Samuel Harrison, was an engineer whose work… Expand
What comes first: the structure or the egg? Ross Granville Harrison on the origin of embryonic polarity.
  • M. Brueckner
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Comparative experimental biology
  • 2004
Ross Granville Harrison’s paper ‘‘ On relations of symmetry in transplanted limbs,’’ published in JEZ in 1921 investigated the mechanism governing the development of embryonic axes through systematicExpand
Unanticipated Trends Stemming from Initial Events in the History of Cell Culture: Vitalism in 2013?
During the period 1907–1912, tissue culture pioneers developed the basic techniques that, with modifications, have been adopted by experimental biologists worldwide to resolve a variety of scientificExpand
Embryology and Early Developmental Physiology
TLDR
Recognition of pregnancy by the maternal organism includes a number of processes, including prolongation of the life-span of the ovarian corpus luteum to ensure secretion of progesterone and tolerance byThe maternal decidua of the semi-allogenic graft of the placenta and fetus. Expand
How did urodele embryos come into prominence as a model system?
  • J. Beetschen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The International journal of developmental biology
  • 1996
TLDR
Experimental studies on amphibian embryos started mainly in Germany and the United States during the last two decades of the 19th century and led to the prominence of urodele embryos in general experimental embryology during the period 1920-1950. Expand
Are Research Schools Necessary? Contrasting Models of 20th Century Research at Yale Led by Ross Granville Harrison, Grace E. Pickford and G. Evelyn Hutchinson
  • N. Slack
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Journal of the history of biology
  • 2003
TLDR
It is concluded that new models for research groups are needed, especially forthose, like Hutchinson's, that included muchfield research, as well as graduate students and more experienced scientistsists. Expand
Vertebrate limb development: from Harrison’s limb disk transplantations to targeted disruption of Hox genes
TLDR
Besides its intrinsic merit as a model for unraveling the mechanisms of development, the limb deserves considerable clinical interest because defects of limb development are the most common single category of congenital abnormalities. Expand
Regenerative medicine's historical roots in regeneration, transplantation, and translation.
TLDR
The history of regenerative medicine, starting especially with T.H. Morgan in 1901 and carrying through the history of transplantation research in the 20th century, to an emphasis on translational medicine in the late 20th Century is explored. Expand
Cell motility under the microscope: Vorsprung durch Technik
TLDR
The fashion today is to disparage technology-led research but the view is that cell biologists should be proud of their 'progress through technology', and this theme is developed with reference to the locomotion of cultured tissue cells. Expand
Microconical silicon structures influence NGF‐induced PC12 cell morphology
TLDR
It was illustrated that, in the absence of nerve growth factor (NGF), PC12 cells increased proliferation on all types of patterned surface, as compared to flat Si surfaces, but in the presence of NGF, PC 12 cells showed different responses, depending on the plating surface. Expand
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References

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The field covered is almost entirely a development of the twentieth century and is still in the rough, so no well-rounded account of it is at present possible, so that the author shall not have the satisfaction of showing. Expand
EXPERIMENTS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GILLS IN THE AMPHIBIAN EMBRYO
TLDR
Owing to the complexity of the system, the experiments failed to give as clear evidence on the questions raised as the limbs had done, but have brought to light certain interesting facts, which in part corroborate and in part extend those reported by Ekman, who worked upon various anuran embryos. Expand
Some Unexpected Results of the Heteroplastic Transplantation of Limbs.
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  • Medicine, Biology
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1924
TLDR
During the first part of larval life the rate of growth is not very different in the two species, but after five or six weeks, when they have reached a length of about 4 cm. Expand
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The American Association for the Advancement of Culture Methods for Invertebrates: PROFESSOR Science: A. S. PEARSE ........................... 385 Embryology and Its Relations: PROFESSOR ROSSExpand
Relations of Symmetry in the Developing Ear of Amblystoma Punctatum.
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  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1936
TLDR
The double Innervation of Fish Melanophores and the Action of Certain Autonomic Drugs upon the Pigmentary Responses of Fundulus are studied. Expand
Experiments on the lens in amblystoma
The embryo of Amblystoma punctatum has been reported as one of those in which the ectoderm normally giving rise to the lens is dependent upon the continued influence of the optic vesicle to effectExpand
Some Difficulties of the Determination Problem
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The origin and significance of the concept "determination" are commented on, and some of the difficulties encountered in its use are pointed out. Expand
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