Rosa's roses: reduced vowels in American English

@article{Flemming2007RosasRR,
  title={Rosa's roses: reduced vowels in American English},
  author={Edward Flemming and Stephanie L Johnson},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  year={2007},
  volume={37},
  pages={83 - 96}
}
Beginning phonetics students are taught that some varieties of American English have two contrasting reduced vowels, transcribed as [e] and [i], illustrated by the unstressed vowels in the minimal pair Rosa's vs. roses (e.g. Ladefoged 2001, 2005). However, little seems to be known about the precise nature or distribution of these vowels. This study explores these questions through acoustic analysis of reduced vowels in the speech of nine American English speakers. The results show that there is… 
Phonological (in)visibility
  • W. Chappell
  • Linguistics
    Journal of Second Language Pronunciation
  • 2019
Reduced vowels between obstruents and rhotics are durationally variable and phonologically invisible in Spanish, e.g. p ə rado ‘field’ as /pɾ/. The present study compares L1-Spanish speakers,
Vowel reduction patterns of early Spanish- English bilinguals receiving continuous L1 and L2 input
Abstract This study investigates the production of three morphophonetic variations of schwa in American English: the plural allomorph {-s} as in watches, the possessive allomorph {-s} as in Sasha’s,
Schwa variants in american English
TLDR
The results support the claim in [1] that /i/ is more common than generally assumed, and improve the concordance between transcriptions as generated by the front-end of the TTS system, and the phonetic behavior of talkers who record corpora for concatenative TTS.
Effects of position and stress on English and Norwegian vowel quality
Flemming and Johnson (2007) found a difference in vowel quality between unstressed vowels in non-final and word-final positions in English. The F1, F2 range of less-reduced word-final unstressed
My Client Is Using Non-English Sounds! A Tutorial in Advanced Phonetic Transcription Part II: Vowels and Diacritics
ABSTRACT: This part of the tutorial on advanced phonetic transcription stresses the importance of being able to transcribe non-English vowels when assessing clients with articulation and/or
Some implications of English spelling for morphological processing
TLDR
Evidence that English spelling is to some extent morphographic at the level of suffixes is reviewed, and the implications of the research for psycholinguistic findings on morphological processing of written English, with a special focus on ‘affix stripping’ processes are explored.
Spectral Characteristics of Schwa in Czech Accented English
Abstract The English central mid lax vowel (i.e., schwa) often contributes considerably to the sound differences between native and non-native speech. Many foreign speakers of English fail to reduce
Coarticulation and assimilation in Korean vowel epenthesis
This paper investigates acoustic properties of epenthetic vowels used in the adaptation of English loanwords with final obstruents in Korean (e.g. poki < folk, poci < poach). An extensive analysis of
The Perception of English Vowels By Native Spanish Speakers
Many studies have shown that a person’s perception of second language (L2) sounds is affected by previous language experience, and there are multiple theories which attempt to account for this fact
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Targetless Schwa: Is That How We Get the Impression of Stress-timing in English?
1 Is vowel reduction centralization or contextual assimilation? Vowel reduction has traditionally been considered as centralization. A tube modelling a centralized connguration of an average sized
Acoustic study of medial /t,d/ in American English
This paper describes the acoustic characteristics of medial /t,d/ in American English as a function of phonetic environment. The data consisted of some 3000 word tokens, each embedded in a carrier
Adaptive Dispersion Theory and Phonological Vowel Reduction in Russian
TLDR
Presenting acoustic data from 9 speakers of Russian, Euclidean distance measures, measures of F1-F0 and F2-F1, and Bayesian classification are used to provide a picture of how the overall vowel space, as well as the distribution of vowels, change as stress is reduced.
A model of coarticulatory effects on the schwa
The pronunciation of English : a course book
TLDR
The author discusses language Variation, which is a very Brief History of the English Language, and questions about feature differences and Exploring Matters of Vowel Incidence, which are answered in the second edition.
Contrast and Perceptual Distinctiveness
Most ‘phonetically-driven’ or functionalist theories of phonology propose that two of the fundamental forces shaping phonology are the need to minimize effort on the part of the speaker and the need
The Sound Pattern of English
Since this classic work in phonology was published in 1968, there has been no other book that gives as broad a view of the subject, combining generally applicable theoretical contributions with
The Syllabic Phonemes of English
1. There are several methods of setting forth the phonemic analysis, partial or complete, of a language.' The one followed here in presenting the syllabic phonemes of English proceeds inductively
Metrical Stress Theory: Principles and Case Studies
In this account of metrical stress theory, Bruce Hayes builds on the notion that stress constitutes linguistic rhythm - that stress patterns are rhythmically organized, and that formal structures
Phonology In Generative Grammar
TLDR
This chapter discusses the Phonetic Foundations of Phonology, which began with The Sounds of Speech and ended with Prododic Morphology, a posthumous publication based on a manuscript originally published in 2013.
...
1
2
3
...