Rosa's roses: reduced vowels in American English

  title={Rosa's roses: reduced vowels in American English},
  author={Edward Flemming and Stephanie L Johnson},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  pages={83 - 96}
Beginning phonetics students are taught that some varieties of American English have two contrasting reduced vowels, transcribed as [e] and [i], illustrated by the unstressed vowels in the minimal pair Rosa's vs. roses (e.g. Ladefoged 2001, 2005). However, little seems to be known about the precise nature or distribution of these vowels. This study explores these questions through acoustic analysis of reduced vowels in the speech of nine American English speakers. The results show that there is… 
Phonological (in)visibility
  • W. Chappell
  • Linguistics
    Journal of Second Language Pronunciation
  • 2019
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