Root Canal Irrigation: Chemical Agents and Plant Extracts Against Enterococcus faecalis

@article{Borzini2016RootCI,
  title={Root Canal Irrigation: Chemical Agents and Plant Extracts Against Enterococcus faecalis},
  author={Letizia Borzini and Roberta Cond{\`o} and Paolo De Dominicis and Adriano Casaglia and Loredana Cerroni},
  journal={The Open Dentistry Journal},
  year={2016},
  volume={10},
  pages={692 - 703}
}
Background: There are various microorganisms related to intra and extra-radicular infections and many of these are involved in persistent infections. Bacterial elimination from the root canal is achieved by means of the mechanical action of instruments and irrigation as well as the antibacterial effects of the irrigating solutions. Enterococcus faecalis can frequently be isolated from root canals in cases of failed root canal treatments. Antimicrobial agents have often been developed and… 

Essential Oils as Alternatives for Root-Canal Treatment and Infection Control against Enterococcus faecalis—A Preliminary Study

AqEOs of thyme, oregano and clove showed a promising antibacterial effect, especially when teeth instrumentation was performed, and the turbidity of the enrichment media was lower for the samples irrigated with AqEO's than for control.

COMPARITVE STUDY OF SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF SILVER, CHITOSAN NANOPARTICLES AND SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE AGAINST ENTEROFECALIS WHEN USED AS ROOT CANAL IRRIGANTS- IN VITRO STUDY

Sodium Hypochlorite was the most effective root canal irrigant followed by SDF ,whereas Chitosan Nanoparticles was the least efficacious compared to the rest against Enterococcus Faecalis.

A Multi-Criteria Approach for Comparison of Ginger Extract and Conventional Irrigants in Root Canal Treatment

Considering the low risk, great wettability, and active compounds of ginger extract, it can be a promising viable risk-free solution for root canal treatments.

Antibacterial Effect of Endodontic Disinfections on Enterococcus Faecalis in Dental Root Canals—An In-Vitro Model Study

The study showed that chloramine-T is of strong antiseptic activity and also efficient in suppressing E. faecalis inside dentinal tubules.

The Comparative Evaluation of the Post-Antimicrobial Effect of MTAD ® and 2% Chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis of Permanent Teeth with Necrotic Pulp

MTAD has a strong bactericidal effect against E. faecalis and showed the highest zone of inhibition, according to Antibiotic sensitivity, which revealed MTAD is the most effective antimicrobial drug.

Antibacterial Efficacy of Different Intracanal Irrigants on Root Canal Treatment: An In-Vitro Study

Chlorohexidine showed greater efficacy against bacterial microflora, compared to both sodium hypochlorite and neem extract.

An In vivo Study to Compare Anti Microbial Activity of Triantibiotic Paste, 2% Chlorhexidine Gel, and Calcium Hydroxide on Microorganisms in the Root Canal of Immature Teeth

It was concluded that triantibiotic paste demonstrated the highest efficacy against bacterial pathogen when used as irrigating solution.

Cytotoxicity evaluation of calcium hypochlorite and other commonly used root canal irrigants against human gingival fibroblast cells: An in vitro evaluation.

Calcium hypochlorite is less cytotoxic than NaOCl, and when used in combination with EDTA, it was shown to have its cytotoxicity effect on hGF cells reduced to a great extent.

Comparison of Antibacterial Efficacy of Cinnamon Extract and Calcium Hydroxide as Intracanal Medicament against E. fecalis: An In vitro Study

Cinnamon extract showed better antimicrobial efficacy against E. feacalis as intracanal medicament as compared to calcium hydroxide, according to Mann-Whitney’s test.

Antimicrobial Efficacy of 2.5% Sodium Hypochlorite, 2% Chlorhexidine, and 1.5% Hydrogen Peroxide on Enterococcus Faecalis in Pulpectomy of Necrotic Primary Teeth

NaOCl and CHX solutions can be used for decontamination of infected root canals and showed considerable efficacy against E. Faecalis while 1.5% Hydrogen peroxide was not able to eradicate all of E.Faecalis colonies.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES

ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE ASSOCIATED WITH INTRACANAL MEDICATION FOR Candida albicans AND Enterococcus faecalis INOCULATED IN ROOT CANALS

Both 1% NaOCl irrigation and the intracanal medications were effective in eliminating E. faecalis and C. albicans inoculated in root canals.

In vitro antimicrobial activity of auxiliary chemical substances and natural extracts on Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis in root canals

It was concluded that 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and 2% chlorhexidine gel were more effective in eliminating C. albicans and E. faecalis, followed by the castor oil and glycolic ginger extract, which showed no antimicrobial activity.

Influence of irrigation regimens on the adherence of Enterococcus faecalis to root canal dentin.

An in vitro evaluation of the antimicrobial efficacy of irrigants on biofilms of root canal isolates.

NaOCl was generally the most effective agent tested, followed by iodine, however the clinical efficacy of these agents must be considered in light of the complex root canal anatomy and polymicrobial nature of root canal infections.

Root canal irrigants.

  • M. Zehnder
  • Materials Science
    Journal of endodontics
  • 2006

Action of propolis and medications against Escherichia coli and endotoxin in root canals.

Survival of Enterococcus faecalis in root canals ex vivo.

The clinical implications are that viable E. faecalis entombed at the time of root filling could provide a long-term nidus for subsequent infection.

Effectiveness of castor oil extract on Escherichia coli and its endotoxins in root canals.

Irrigation with castor oil extract decreased E. coli counts but had no effect on the level of endotoxins, and samples taken seven days after removal of medication revealed a significant reduction in endotoxin levels in Groups 3 and 4.

Antimicrobial efficacy of various root canal preparation techniques: an in vitro comparative study.

No significant differences were seen among the efficacy of the various preparation techniques and files used, but a considerable reduction in bacterial population after mechanical preparation was observed.
...