Roma(na) Matrona

  title={Roma(na) Matrona},
  author={E. V. Mulhern},
  journal={Classical Journal},
In the Bellum Civile, Lucan in part draws his three major characters by illustrating their relationships with women. Cato and Pompey appear with their Roman wives, where Caesar appears only in an illicit relationship with the foreign Cleopatra and while rejecting the apparition of Roma at the Rubicon. This article will demonstrate that Caesar's repudiation of Roma is emblematic of his rejection of Rome, Roman womanhood, and Romanness, in contrast to Cato and Pompey, whose devotion to their… 
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Rape, Apotheosis, and Politics in Metamorphoses 14 and 15

Abstract:This paper examines apotheoses that occur in the last two books of Ovid’s Metamorphoses and argues that they are modeled after previous rapes from the poem. In the apotheosis of Julius