Rollback, Liberation, Containment, or Inaction? U.S. Policy and Eastern Europe in the 1950s

  title={Rollback, Liberation, Containment, or Inaction? U.S. Policy and Eastern Europe in the 1950s},
  author={Lszl Borhi},
  journal={Journal of Cold War Studies},
  • Lszl Borhi
  • Published 1 August 1999
  • Political Science, Economics
  • Journal of Cold War Studies
This article discusses the Eisenhower administration's policy toward Eastern Europe in the years leading up to the 1956 Hungarian revolution. The article first considers the broader context of U.S. Cold War strategy in Eastern Europe, including policies of economic warfare and psychological warfare, as well as covert operations and military supplies. It then examines U.S. policy toward Hungary, particularly during the events of October-November 1956, when the Eisenhower administration had to… 
24 Citations
The Collapse of Liberation Rhetoric: The Eisenhower Administration and the 1956 Hungarian Crisis
This paper will analyze Eisenhower's policy towards Eastern Europe in general and towards Hungary in particular from the perspective of the gaping gulf between high-minded rhetoric and the political
Disorder over design : strategy, bureaucracy and the development of U.S. political warfare in Europe, 1945-1950
This study explores factors behind the development of a covert political warfare capability by the United States government from 1945-1950. Specifically, it examines the place of political warfare
Images of the Adversary: NATO Assessments of the Soviet Union, 19531964
The article presents the analysis of the study groups set up by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to assess the non-military aspects of Soviet power and potential during the era of Nikita
Containing liberation: The US Cold War strategy towards Eastern Europe and the Hungarian revolution of 1956
This thesis analyses the nature and significance of US strategy towards Eastern Europe between 1945 and the 1956 Hungarian revolution. Tension between the ideological goal of liberating the USSR’s
Reenacting the Story of Tantalus: Eisenhower, Dulles, and the Failed Rhetoric of Liberation
  • Chris Tudda
  • Political Science, History
    Journal of Cold War Studies
  • 2005
This article examines Dwight Eisenhower's and John Foster Dulles's publicly declared goal to achieve the liberation of Eastern Europe, a goal that they claimed would replace the Truman
Public Diplomacy during the Cold War: The Record and Its Implications
Public diplomacy in its many forms proved a great asset for the United States during the Cold War. A new book by Yale Richmond, a retired U.S. official who for many years was involved with policy
United States Responses to the Soviet Suppression of Rebellions in the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia
Under Presidents Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson, the United States refrained from intervening during the three major Cold War crises in the Soviet bloc in 1953, 1956, and 1968. The uprisings in
The 1956 Hungarian Revolution and the Declaration of Neutrality
On 1 November 1956 the Hungarian government denounced the Warsaw Pact and unilaterally declared the country's neutrality. At the same time Imre Nagy, the Communist Prime Minister, turned to the
Screening Migrants in the Early Cold War: The Geopolitics of U.S. Immigration Policy
Abstract The main elements of U.S. immigration policy date back to the early Cold War. One such element is a screening process initially designed to prevent infiltration by Communist agents posing as
Émigré Politics and the Cold War: The National Labor Alliance (NTS), United States Intelligence Agencies and Post-War Europe
Abstract This article examines the post-war activities of the National Labor Alliance (NTS), a far-right Russian exile organisation whose members had served in German intelligence and propaganda


Hungary and Suez, 1956: The Limits of Soviet and American Power
In the autumn of 1956, the Soviet-American hegemony over the international order that had emerged from World War II was severely shaken. Each Great Power was defied by its allies: the Soviet Union by
Mobilizing Europe's Stateless: America's Plan for a Cold War Army
  • J. Carafano
  • Political Science, History
    Journal of Cold War Studies
  • 1999
When World War II ended, millions of refugees were left in Europe, unable or unwilling to return to their former homes. A number of leading U.S. officials wanted to form an armed Volunteer Freedom
The Early Post-Stalin Succession Struggle and Upheavals in East-Central Europe: Internal-External Linkages in Soviet Policy Making (Part 3)
  • M. Kramer
  • Political Science
    Journal of Cold War Studies
  • 1999
The East German uprising and the downfall of Lavrentii Beria had profound short- and long-term effects on Soviet policy toward Germany and on the political configuration of the Eastern bloc. This