Roles of divalent metal ions in oxidations catalyzed by recombinant cytochrome P450 3A4 and replacement of NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase with other flavoproteins, ferredoxin, and oxygen surrogates.

Abstract

Recombinant cytochrome P450 (P450) 3A4 was most active in nifedipine and testosterone oxidation in a system including NADPH-P450 reductase, cytochrome b5 (b5), a semisynthetic phospholipid mixture plus cholate, glutathione, and MgCl2. The MgCl2 effect could be seen with high concentrations of Ca2+ or Sr2+ but not readily when these cations were replaced… (More)

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