Role of usage of antibiotics in pharyngitis: a prospective study

@article{Deepthi2017RoleOU,
  title={Role of usage of antibiotics in pharyngitis: a prospective study},
  author={M. Deepthi and K. Narsimloo},
  journal={International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery},
  year={2017},
  volume={3},
  pages={303-307}
}
  • M. Deepthi, K. Narsimloo
  • Published 2017
  • Medicine
  • International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Background: Antibiotic resistance is emerging as a global public health problem and is growing day by day in both developed and developing countries. This study aims at scientific investigation into the need for the use of antibiotics in cases of pharyngitis. Methods: A prospective study of 2000 patients complaining of sore throat, randomly selected from outpatient department during 1 year period from August 2015 – 2016 .They were studied clinically and investigated for infectious etiology and… Expand
Medical students carry more virulent microorganisms at their throat than that of patients' accompaniers
TLDR
It is suggested that medical students may contribute significantly for transmission and dissemination of nosocomial pathogens among patients and vice versa. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Pharyngitis in Adults
In this guideline, we present the evidence and make specific recommendations on how clinicians can distinguish and diagnose pharyngitis caused by group A -hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS). We alsoExpand
Treatment of sore throat in light of the Cochrane verdict: is the jury still out?
TLDR
There are few good‐quality studies of the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment of proven group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis in children; available data suggest that antibiotics may reduce symptom duration and there is no justification for routine antibiotics treatment of all patients with sore throat. Expand
Management of Adults with Acute Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Minimal Value for Backup Strep Testing and Overuse of Antibiotics
TLDR
The benefit of routine DNA probe backup testing in adults is questioned because of its substantial cost, an average delay in antibiotic prescribing of over 2 days, and because suppurative complications are very uncommon. Expand
The validity of a sore throat score in family practice.
TLDR
An explicit clinical score approach to the management of patients presenting with an upper respiratory tract infection and sore throat is valid in community-based family practice and could substantially reduce the unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics for these conditions. Expand
Use of antibiotics for adult upper respiratory infections in outpatient settings: a national ambulatory network study.
TLDR
Overuse of antibiotics for adult URIs in a large national ambulatory care network, with particular overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics is demonstrated, demonstrating the enormous potential of EHR data for conducting practice-based research across large national office networks. Expand
Considerations of antibiotic therapy duration in community- and hospital-acquired bacterial infections.
TLDR
Clinical evidence of short-course versus long-course antibiotic therapy for the most common community- and hospital-acquired bacterial infections is briefly touched upon. Expand
Large-scale validation of the Centor and McIsaac scores to predict group A streptococcal pharyngitis.
TLDR
A national-scale validation of the Centor and McIsaac scores is performed and more precisely classifies risk of GAS infection among patients presenting with a painful throat to a retail health chain. Expand
Is there hope for the prevention of future antimicrobial shortages?
  • D. Gilbert, J. Edwards
  • Medicine
  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2002
TLDR
Postexposure rabies vaccination in patients with human immunodeficiency virus with low CD4 ϩ T lymphocyte cell counts and if rabies immunoglobulin (RIG) was unavailable, use of the 8-site regimen was recommended by the WHO, but they cited no scientific evidence to support this recommendation. Expand
Acute Sinusitis and Pharyngitis as Inappropriate Indications for Antibiotic Use
TLDR
The study explored antibiotic prescriptions for ambulatory emergency department (ED) visits in the United States by Donnelly and colleagues found that antibiotic prescriptionshighlight opportunities for drug discovery and abuse. Expand
Trends in antimicrobial resistance in health care-associated pathogens and effect on treatment.
  • L. McDonald
  • Medicine
  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2006
TLDR
The presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other resistant organisms in health care facilities limits the number of effective antimicrobials available for treatment. Expand
...
1
2
...