Role of the glycine betaine and carnitine transporters in adaptation of Listeria monocytogenes to chill stress in defined medium.

@article{Angelidis2003RoleOT,
  title={Role of the glycine betaine and carnitine transporters in adaptation of Listeria monocytogenes to chill stress in defined medium.},
  author={Apostolos S Angelidis and Gary M. Smith},
  journal={Applied and environmental microbiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={69 12},
  pages={7492-8}
}
The food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes proliferates at refrigeration temperatures, rendering refrigeration ineffective in the preservation of Listeria-contaminated foods. The uptake and intracellular accumulation of the potent compatible solutes glycine betaine and carnitine has been shown to be a key mediator of the pathogen's cold-tolerant phenotype. To date, three compatible solute systems are known to operate in L. monocytogenes: glycine betaine porter I (BetL), glycine betaine… CONTINUE READING

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