Role of syringeal muscles in controlling the phonology of bird song.

@article{Goller1996RoleOS,
  title={Role of syringeal muscles in controlling the phonology of bird song.},
  author={Franz Goller and Roderick A. Suthers},
  journal={Journal of neurophysiology},
  year={1996},
  volume={76 1},
  pages={287-300}
}
1. The contribution of syringeal muscles to controlling the phonology of song was studied by recording bilateral airflow, subsyringeal air sac pressure, electromyograms (EMGs) of six syringeal muscles, and vocal output in spontaneously singing brown thrashers (Toxostoma rufum). 2. EMG activity in musculus syringealis ventralis (vS), the largest syringeal muscle, increases exponentially with the fundamental frequency of the ipsilaterally generated sound and closely parallels frequency modulation… CONTINUE READING
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