Examining Age Differences in the Influence of Schematic Information on Retrieval Success
Schemas act as memory mechanisms that allow one to build frameworks in order to support memory through the use of gist information. This gist information can be especially beneficial to older adults…
Schematic information influences memory and generalisation behaviour for schema-relevant and -irrelevant information
- Psychology, Computer ScienceCognition
The nature and functions of schemas.
information. Linguistic materials. The studies showing the effect of a picture or title on the recall of an opaquely written passage (Bransford & Johnson, 1972; Dooling & Lachman, 1971; Dooling &…
Integrating Episodic and Semantic Information in Memory for Natural Scenes
- Computer Science, Psychology
A dual route memory model is developed that explains how and why episodic memories are combined with semantic memories and is applied to an empirical study in which people recall objects from scenes under varying amounts of study time.
Out of Place, Out of Mind: Schema-Driven False Memory Effects for Object-Location Bindings
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
A novel theoretical analysis of an unexplored consequence of the independence of memory systems for elements and their bindings that raises the paradoxical prediction that schema-driven false memories can act solely on the binding of event elements despite the superior retrieval of individual elements.
Memory for the usual: the influence of schemas on memory for non-schematic information in younger and older adults
- PsychologyCognitive neuropsychology
Investigating how schemas affect memory for schematic and non-schematic information, as well as how directed encoding influences remembering of both types of information in younger and older adults, highlights the pervasive influence of a schema on memory for non- Schemas.
Schema anticipation in recall: memory process or report strategy?
SummaryThis article reports an experimental investigation testing the hypothesis that recall reports are systematically biased by the recaller's knowledge about who is to receive the recall report,…
The Effect of Memory Schemas on Object Recognition in Virtual Environments
- Computer Science, PsychologyPresence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments
Prior theoretical work on memory schemas, an influential concept of memory from the field of cognitive psychology, is presented for application to fidelity of computer graphics simulations. The basic…
Memory for common and bizarre stimuli: A storage-retrieval analysis
We tested the hypothesis that common stimuli are stored in memory better than bizarre stimuli are. Subjects memorized a series of noun pairs embedded within 20 common or bizarre sentences. By using a…
SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Framing pictures: the role of knowledge in automatized encoding and memory for gist.
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. General
An experiment is presented which tests whether this approach to frame theories yields viable predictions about the manner in which people comprehend and remember pictures of real-world scenes, and it is concluded that if two events instantiate the same frame, they may often be indistinguishable.
Representation and Understanding: Studies in Cognitive Science
The use of narrative and other prose forms as a tool for investigating mental processes is not new. Psychologists such as Jean Piaget and F.C. Bartlett both used stories in research on complex…
Cognitive determinants of fixation location during picture viewing.
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
Findings imply a role of cognitive factors in peripheral visual processing and suggest a possible relationship between the nature of information initially acquired from a picture and subsequent recognition memory for that picture.
Fragments of a Theory of Human Plausible Reasoning
- Computer ScienceTINLAP
A computational theory of human plausible reasoning constructed from analysis of people's answers to everyday questions, which consists of a dimensionalized space of different inference types and their certainty conditions, including a variety of meta-inference types where the inference depends on the person's knowledge about his own knowledge.
Image of the city
What does the city's form actually mean to the people who live there? What can the city planner do to make the city's image more vivid and memorable to the city dweller? To answer these questions,…