Role of obesity, metabolic variables, and diabetes in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate relationships between HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder and metabolic variables in a subgroup of HIV+ participants examined in a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study. METHODS In a cross-sectional substudy of the CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) cohort, 130 HIV+ participants provided fasting blood samples. Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) was defined by performance on neuropsychological tests adjusting for age, education, gender, and race/ethnicity. Global ratings and global deficit scores were determined. Demographics, biomarkers of HIV disease, metabolic variables, combination antiretroviral therapy (CART) history, other drug exposures, and self-reported diabetes were examined in multivariate models predicting NCI. Separate models were used for body mass index (BMI) alone (n = 90) and BMI and waist circumference (WC) together (n = 55). RESULTS NCI (global impairment rating ≥5) was diagnosed in 40%. In univariate analyses, age, longer duration of HIV infection, obesity, and WC, but not BMI, were associated with NCI. Self-reported diabetes was associated with NCI in the substudy and in those >55 in the entire CHARTER cohort. Multivariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that central obesity (as measured by WC) increased the risk of NCI and that greater body mass may be protective if the deleterious effect of central obesity is accounted for. CONCLUSIONS As in HIV-uninfected persons, central obesity, but not more generalized increases in body mass (BMI), was associated with a higher prevalence of NCI in HIV+ persons. Diabetes appeared to be associated with NCI only in older patients. Avoidance of antiretroviral drugs that induce central obesity might protect from or help to reverse neurocognitive impairment in HIV-infected persons.

DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182478d64
020406020132014201520162017
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@article{McCutchan2012RoleOO, title={Role of obesity, metabolic variables, and diabetes in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder.}, author={John McCutchan and Jennifer Marquie-Beck and C A Fitzsimons and Scott L Letendre and Ronald J Ellis and Robert Heaton and Todd Wolfson and Debra Rosario and Terry J. Alexander and Christina M. Marra and Beau M. Ances and Igor Grant}, journal={Neurology}, year={2012}, volume={78 7}, pages={485-92} }