Role of fungi in marine ecosystems

  title={Role of fungi in marine ecosystems},
  author={Kevin David Hyde and Evan B. Gareth Jones and Eduardo M. Lea{\~n}o and Stephen Brian Pointing and A. D. Poonyth and Lilian L. P. Vrijmoed},
  journal={Biodiversity \& Conservation},
Marine fungi are an ecological rather than a taxonomic group and comprise an estimated 1500 species, excluding those that form lichens. They occur in most marine habitats and generally have a pantropical or pantemperate distribution. Marine fungi are major decomposers of woody and herbaceous substrates in marine ecosystems. Their importance lies in their ability to aggressively degrade lignocellulose. They may be important in the degradation of dead animals and animal parts. Marine fungi are… 
Obligate Marine Fungi and Bioremediation
  • V. Sarma
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 2018
The prospects of obligate marine fungi inBioremediation using marine fungi show promising prospects including biopulping, biobleaching, and dye decoloration.
Marine Fungal Diversity and Bioprospecting
The adaptation of marine fungi in an extreme environment suggests that they are promising sources for screening natural products and induce profound changes in how plants respond to their environments.
Marine Fungi Associated with Antarctic Macroalgae
Fungi are well known for their important roles in terrestrial ecosystems, but filamentous and yeast forms are also active components of microbial communities from marine ecosystems. Marine fungi are
Marine Fungi for Sustainable Development
Marine fungi play an important role in the nutrient regeneration cycles by degrading and decaying the dead organic matter; thus they are involved in the production of organic detritus that supports a large animal community.
The Marine Environment and the Role of Fungi
A large diversity of facultative marine fungi, which are terrestrial species of mycetaen fungi, are active in the marine environment, and the knowledge of the diversity of fungi in the oceans is rudimentary.
Occurrence and Distribution of Fungi in Saline Environments
Research on less easily accessible or previously overlooked habitats like deep sea vents and sand beaches show that marine fungi are more ubiquitous and diverse than previously considered; there are many opportunities for future research to uncover new marine fungal species and to expand ecological and functional understanding of known species.
Diversity and Distribution of Marine Fungi on Rhizophora spp. in Mangroves.
  • V. V. Sarma
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Progress in molecular and subcellular biology
  • 2012
Diversity and ecology of marine fungi occurring on Rhizophora spp.
Marine Fungal Diversity: Present Status and Future Perspectives
  • V. Sarma
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications
  • 2019
A number of bioactive compounds have been reported from marine fungi which have therapeutic potential, including antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer, and various other disease states.
Partitioning of fungal assemblages across different marine habitats.
The patterns observed here indicate that fungi are potentially a significant, although largely overlooked, feature of the ocean's microbiota, but greater efforts to characterize marine species are required before the full ecological and biogeochemical importance of marine fungi can be ascertained.
The Macroalgal Ecosystem
Fungi inhabit living and decomposing marine algae, while some parasites do not cause any symptoms in their algal host, others result in various discolorations, and others cause distinct malformations.


Ecology of tropical marine fungi
  • K. Hyde
  • Environmental Science
  • 2004
Differences in species composition from one habitat to the next were observed, although some fungi occurred throughout, and there were significantly less diversity and numbers of fungi in the oil polluted mangroves when compared to the healthy mangrove.
Ecological notes on fungi in Mangrove forests
Occurence and Ecological Significance of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Aquatic Plants
The mycorrhizal fungi, especially those that are vesicular arbuscular (VA), are universally ubiquitous soil inhabitants, and form symbiotic relationships with roots of land plants from every phylum, playing an important role in plant health, productivity and soil structure.
The fungal dimension of biodiversity: magnitude, significance, and conservation
Tropical Marine Fungi
Most of the species are decomposers of mangrove parts or of detritus in sandy beaches, and the known range of distribution for these fungi was extended.
Illustrated Key to the Filamentous Higher Marine Fungi
This treatise deals with all filamentous higher marine fungi described up to the present time, namely, 255 Ascomycotina, 6 Basidiomycotina and 60 anamorphic fungi, and five new combinations in the genera Coronopapillat Halosarpheia, Lindra and Luhvorthia are proposed.
Ecology of mangrove fungi and their role in nutrient cycling: what gaps occur in our knowledge?
Recent investigations have increased our knowledge of the ecology of mangrove fungi. In this paper this information is reviewed with emphasis on biogeography, biodiversity, differences in the
Studies on the tropical marine fungi of Brunei
Ninety-five species, some new to science were recorded, which is the largest number of marine fungi reported from a single study, and the knowledge of the geographic distributions of these fungi has been extended.
Screening for wood-degrading enzymes in marine fungi. Proc. 5th Marine Mycology Sympos., Vancouver
All groups of strains showed relatively high percentages of cellulases C1, C3, C4, whereas production of cellulase C2 was lower, whereas with Sporotrichum pulverulentum, a strongly cellulolytic terrestrial Deuteromycete, about 25% of the marine fungi tested showed the same high cellulase activity.