Role of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of secondary dystonia-dyskinesia syndromes.

Dystonia-dyskinesia syndromes (DDS) are severe disabling movement disorders, characterized by twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. Movement disorders are differentiated as primary or secondary. Primary movement disorders are of genetic or idiopathic origin, whereas secondary forms result from exogenous injuries. A PubMed literature search… (More)