Role of cytochrome P450c17 in polycystic ovary syndrome.


The hyperandrogenism of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) appears to be due to dysregulation of steroidogenesis within the ovaries and adrenal glands. P450c17 is the key enzyme that regulates androgen synthesis. It is the only enzyme known to have the capacity to convert C21-precursors to the androgen pre-hormones, the 17-ketosteroids. It is a single enzyme… (More)