Role of consciousness and accessibility of death-related thoughts in mortality salience effects.

  title={Role of consciousness and accessibility of death-related thoughts in mortality salience effects.},
  author={Jeff Greenberg and Tom Pyszczynski and Sheldon Solomon and Linda Simon and Michael Breus},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={67 4},
On the basis of terror management theory, research has shown that subtle mortality salience inductions engender increased prejudice, nationalism, and intergroup bias. Study 1 replicated this effect (increased preference for a pro-U.S. author over an anti-U.S. author) and found weaker effects when Ss are led to think more deeply about mortality or about the death of a loved one. Study 2 showed that this effect is not produced by thoughts of non-death-related aversive events. Studies 2 and 3… 
Suppression, accessibility of death-related thoughts, and cultural worldview defense: exploring the psychodynamics of terror management.
Study 3 demonstrated that worldview defense in response to MS reduces the delayed increase in death accessibility, suggesting that a person's initial response to conscious thoughts of mortality is to actively suppress death thoughts.
The role of control motivation in mortality salience effects on ingroup support and defense.
The authors found that WD was only increased following pure death salience, compared with both dental pain salience and salience of self-determined death, and manipulated MS and control salience independently and found a main effect for CS but not for MS on WD.
When You Become a Superman: Subliminal Exposure to Death-Related Stimuli Enhances Men’s Physical Force
The hypothesis that unconscious mortality salience, which is accompanied with self-related stimuli, increases physical force for men but not for women is supported.
Self-Consciousness and Death Cognitions from a Terror Management Perspective
It is suggested that a high level of self-consciousness may serve as an internal death reminder, leading to greater cultural worldview validation on a regular basis.
Clarifying the Function of Mortality Salience-Induced Worldview Defense: Renewed Suppression or Reduced Accessibility of Death-Related Thoughts?
Previous terror management research has shown that following mortality salience, there is an effortful suppression of death-related thoughts, reducing death-thought accessibility. This is followed,
Exploring individual differences in reactions to mortality salience: does attachment style regulate terror management mechanisms?
Mortality salience led to an increase in the sense of symbolic immortality as well as in the desire of intimacy only among secure persons, but not among avoidant and anxious-ambivalent persons.
Mortality salience and the spreading activation of worldview-relevant constructs: exploring the cognitive architecture of terror management.
Seven experiments assessed the hypothesis derived from terror management theory that reminding people of their mortality would increase accessibility of constructs central to their worldview and demonstrated that situational primes can increase the accessibility of nationalistic constructs for women after mortality salience.
Terror management theory and the impact of individual and collective mortality salience on symbolic and literal immortality beliefs
According to Terror Management Theory (TMT), many human behaviors, attitudes, and thoughts are the result of an attempt to reduce the uncomfortable feelings associated with the knowledge that human
A theoretical and empirical review of the death-thought accessibility concept in terror management research.
The authors outline the theoretical refinements to TMT that have accompanied significant research findings associated with the DTA concept and four distinct categories (mortality salience, death association, anxiety-buffer threat, and dispositional) are derived to organize the reviewed DTA studies.


Evidence for terror management theory: I. The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who violate or uphold cultural values.
It is shown that the mortality salience effect does not result from heightened self-awareness or physiological arousal, and implications for the role of fear of death in social behavior are discussed.
Evidence for terror management theory II: The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who threaten or bolster the cultural worldview.
Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis, derived from terror management theory, that reminding people of their mortality increases attraction to those who consensually validate their
Testing alternative explanations for mortality salience effects: Terror management, value accessibility, or worrisome thoughts?
Previous research has shown that reminding subjects of their mortality encourages negative reactions to others whose behaviour or attitudes deviate from the cultural worldview (e.g. Greenberg,
Terror management and tolerance: does mortality salience always intensify negative reactions to others who threaten one's worldview?
Mortality salience did not lead to negative reactions to the critic when the value of tolerance was highly accessible and, under mortality-salient or control conditions, Ss evaluated a target person who criticized the United States.
The Causes and Consequences of a Need for Self-Esteem: A Terror Management Theory
Throughout the past few thousand years, historical accounts, philosophical treatises, and works of fiction and poetry have often depicted humans as having a need to perceive themselves as good, and
Emotional expression and the reduction of motivated cognitive bias: evidence from cognitive dissonance and distancing from victims' paradigms.
Two experiments tested whether expression of emotions from which motivated cognitive biases presumably provide protection would reduce the extent of such biases. In Study I, we hypothesized that
Effects of Self-Esteem on Vulnerability-Denying Defensive Distortions: Further Evidence of an Anxiety-Buffering Function of Self-Esteem
Abstract Two studies were conducted to assess the proposition that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function. In Study 1, it was hypothesized that raising self-esteem would reduce the need to
A terror management analysis of self-awareness and anxiety: The hierarchy of terror
Abstract In this article, we apply terror management theory to the operation of self-awareness processes. According to the theory, self-esteem consists of accepting a cultural conception of reality