Role of acetaldehyde in tobacco smoke addiction

@article{Talhout2007RoleOA,
  title={Role of acetaldehyde in tobacco smoke addiction},
  author={Reinskje Talhout and Antoon Opperhuizen and J. G. C. Amsterdam},
  journal={European Neuropsychopharmacology},
  year={2007},
  volume={17},
  pages={627-636}
}

Contribution of Monoamine Oxidase Inhibition to Tobacco Dependence: A Review of the Evidence.

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    Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • 2016
TLDR
A comprehensive review of the available evidence for the role of MAO inhibition by tobacco-derived substances in tobacco dependence points the way for further research in this field.

Harmane Potentiates Nicotine Reinforcement Through MAO-A Inhibition at the Dose Related to Cigarette Smoking

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The Role of Harmane and Norharmane in In Vitro Dopaminergic Function

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Along with downregulation of protein expression, notably MAO-B, the data indicate the potential of harmane and norharmane to act in synergy with nicotine in midbrain neurons.

Elimination of Cigarette Smoke-derived Acetaldehyde in Saliva by Slow-release L-Cysteine Lozenge Is a Potential New Method to Assist Smoking Cessation. A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Intervention.

TLDR
If the efficacy of Acetium lozenge can be confirmed in an adequately powered study, this new approach would represent a major breakthrough in smoking quit intervention because slow-release L-cysteine is non-toxic with no side-effects or limitations of use.

Repeated Administration of Cigarette Smoke Condensate Increases Glutamate Levels and Behavioral Sensitization

TLDR
It is suggested that the CSC-induced psychomotor activities are closely associated with the elevation of glutamate concentrations in the rat dorsal striatum, which would suggest that the reinforcing effects of tobacco dependence are related to the hyperactivation of glutamate levels.

Tobacco smoke exposure induces nicotine dependence in rats

TLDR
Tobacco smoke exposure leads to nicotine dependence as indicated by precipitated affective and somatic withdrawal signs and induces an upregulation of nAChRs in the hippocampus.

Salsolinol-like compounds as biomarkers of human alcohol consumption, disease and toxicity

TLDR
A combined method for detection of catecholamines and tetrahydroisoquinolines by LC-MS/MS is developed, which achieves linearity to four orders of magnitude and is used clinically for diagnosing rare tumors called pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas.

Exposure to Commercial Cigarette Smoke Produces Psychomotor Sensitization via Hyperstimulation of Glutamate Response in the Dorsal Striatum

TLDR
It is suggested that non-nicotine alkaloids in commercial cigarette smoke synergistically act with nicotine on nAChRs, thereby upregulating glutamatergic response in the dorsal striatum, which contributes to the hypersensitization of psychomotor behaviors.

Biologically Active Compounds Present in Tobacco Smoke: Potential Interactions Between Smoking and Mental Health

TLDR
This mini-review summarises what is currently known about the components of tobacco smoke with potential to have positive effects on smokers and investigates the subjective reports of a positive effect of smoking due to nicotine, of some other components, or are they a manifestation of the relief from nicotine withdrawal symptoms that smoking provides.
...

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