This study is to investigate the role of Nrf2 in suppressing LPS-mediated inflammation in ex vivo macrophages by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Primary peritoneal macrophages from Nrf2 wild-type (+/+; WT) and Nrf2 knockout (-/-; KO) mice were treated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the presence or absence of DHA or EPA. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analyses showed that LPS potently induced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the macrophages collected from Nrf2 (+/+) wild-type mice. DHA and EPA inhibited LPS-induced COX-2, iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6, or TNF-α, but increased hemeoxygenase (HO-1) expression. DHA was found to be more potent than EPA in inhibiting COX-2, iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α mRNA expression. DHA and EPA were also found to induce HO-1 and Nrf2 mRNA with a different dose-response. LPS induced COX-2, iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the macrophages collected from Nrf2 (-/-) mice as well, however, DHA and EPA suppression of COX-2, iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α was attenuated as compared to that in Nrf2 (+/+) macrophages. Taken together, using Western blotting, ELISA and qPCR approaches coupled with Nrf2 (-/-) mice, our study clearly shows for the first time that DHA/EPA would induce Nrf2 signaling pathway and that Nrf2 plays a role in DHA/EPA suppression of LPS-induced inflammation.