Role of Interleukin-1β in the Development of Malnutrition in Chronic Renal Failure Patients

  title={Role of Interleukin-1$\beta$ in the Development of Malnutrition in Chronic Renal Failure Patients},
  author={Yukio Maruyama and Peter Stenvinkel and Bengt Lindholm},
  journal={Blood Purification},
  pages={275 - 281}
Protein-energy malnutrition and wasting are common among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and these complications are strongly associated with poor survival in these patients. Whereas both under- and overweight predict in increased mortality risk in the general population, a high body mass index is associated with better outcome in ESRD patients. Circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines are markedly elevated in uremia and also predictor of a poor clinical outcome in ESRD… 

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