Cytologic patterns of lymph node diseases in Hawassa University referral hospital ,
- Gemechu Ameya Buli, Fekade Yerakly Lukas
Lymphadenopathy is a commonly encountered clinical problem which has a multitude of causes.1 Enlarged lymph nodes were the first organs to be sampled by fine needle aspiration (FNAC).2 Since FNAC lends itself to outpatient diagnosis, it is eminently suited for use in peripheral medical centres. It is safe, nontraumatic, repeatable and inexpensive.3 Diagnosis of lymphadenopathy depends mainly on excision of a gland and histopathological examination. For this, general anaesthesia and hospitalisation are required. Fine needle aspiration cytology, on the other hand, is free from these disadvantages and can safely be used as an alternative or complementary investigative technique.4 FNAC is highly cost effective and accurate as a first line investigative technique with differential diagnoses including reactive hyperplasia/inflammatory conditions, granulomatous disorders, lymphoma and metastasis, stratifying cases requiring further investigations, surgical intervention or clinical followup.5 Here, we report our experience of 580 cases of Lymphadenopathy diagnosed by FNAC.