Role of Alternative Interventional Procedures When Endo- and Epicardial Catheter Ablation Attempts for Ventricular Arrhythmias Fail

@article{Kumar2015RoleOA,
  title={Role of Alternative Interventional Procedures When Endo- and Epicardial Catheter Ablation Attempts for Ventricular Arrhythmias Fail},
  author={Saurabh Kumar and Chirag R. Barbhaiya and Piotr S. Sobieszczyk and Andrew C. Eisenhauer and Gregory S. Couper and Koichi Nagashima and Saagar Mahida and Samuel H. Baldinger and Eue Keun Choi and Laurence M. Epstein and Bruce Koplan and Roy M. John and Gregory F. Michaud and William G. Stevenson and Usha B. Tedrow},
  journal={Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology},
  year={2015},
  volume={8},
  pages={606–615}
}
Background—Ventricular tachycardia (VT) refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs and standard percutaneous catheter ablation techniques portends a poor prognosis. We characterized the reasons for ablation failure and describe alternative interventional procedures in this high-risk group. Methods and Results—Sixty-seven patients with VT refractory to 4±2 antiarrhythmic drugs and 2±1 previous endocardial/epicardial catheter ablation attempts underwent transcoronary ethanol ablation, surgical epicardial… 

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