Role and levels of real-time monitoring for successful anti-fouling strategies--an overview.

@article{Flemming2003RoleAL,
  title={Role and levels of real-time monitoring for successful anti-fouling strategies--an overview.},
  author={Hannah Flemming},
  journal={Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research},
  year={2003},
  volume={47 5},
  pages={1-8}
}
  • Hannah Flemming
  • Published 2003 in
    Water science and technology : a journal of the…
Biofouling is a biofilm problem and any anti-fouling strategy will be greatly improved if the site and extent of biofilm growth can be monitored. A suitable monitoring system will provide early warning capacity and allow for specific optimization of countermeasures. As water samples do not give reliable information about biofilms, surface sampling is mandatory. Conventional biofilm monitoring techniques rely on removal of material from representative sites or on analysis of test surfaces which… CONTINUE READING