Roe V. Wade and American Fertility

  title={Roe V. Wade and American Fertility},
  author={P B Levine and Douglas O. Staiger and Thomas J. Kane and David J. Zimmerman},
  booktitle={American journal of public health},
OBJECTIVES This article examines the effect of abortion legalization on fertility rates in the United States. METHODS Fertility rates were compared over time between states that varied in the timing of abortion legalization. RESULTS States legalizing abortion experienced a 4% decline in fertility relative to states where the legal status of abortion was unchanged. The relative reductions in births to teens, women more than 35 years of age, non-White women, and unmarried women were… 

Abortion before & after Roe.

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Trends were found suggesting that legal abortions have produced a decline in fertility and the recorded "birth dearth" in the U.S.

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Should the liberalization of abortion laws be reversed, not only would there be an upturn in illegal abortions and pregnancy-related marriages, but also a marked rise in illegitimacy, particularly among women who do not have the means to obtain an illegal abortion.

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Liberalized abortion in Oregon: effects on fertility, prematurity, fetal death, and infant death.

  • J. D. Quick
  • Medicine
    American journal of public health
  • 1978
An analysis of Oregon Vital Statistics data from 1965 to 1975 was conducted to assess the impact of Oregon's 1969 abortion legislation, which substantially increased the number of reported medically

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Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth are used to suggest that restrictions on Medicaid funding of abortion do increase the probability that African-American and low income women carry a pregnancy to term, but that they have no direct effect on birth weight.

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Analysis of 12 years of state-level data indicate that state Medicaid abortion funding restrictions are associated with a reduction in abortions and either no change or a Reduction in births, implying fewer pregnancies.

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It is sought to study in this article what has been the actual impact of the New York Abortion Law of 1970 on fertility trends in New York City.

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The incidence of abortion is found to be lower in states where access to providers is reduced and state policies are restrictive, and birthrates are elevated where the costs of contraception are higher.

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It was found that women were obtaining legal abortions at a rate equivalent to 1.21 procedures over the reproductive span and that the abortion rate for blacks and Puerto Ricans doubled that for whites.