Design of interval observers for estimation and stabilization of discrete-time LPV systems
Copositive Lyapunov functions are used along with dissipativity theory for stability analysis of uncertain linear positive systems. At the difference of standard results, linear supply-rates are employed for robustness and performance analysis and lead to L1and L∞-gain characterizations. This naturally guides to the definition of Integral Linear Constraints (ILCs) for the characterization of input-output nonnegative uncertainties. It turns out that these integral linear constraints can be linked to the Laplace domain, in order to be tuned adequately, by exploiting the L1-norm and input/output signals properties. This dual viewpoint allows to prove that the staticgain of the uncertainties, only, is critical for stability. This fact provides a new explanation for the surprising stability properties of linear positive time-delay systems. The obtained stability and performance analysis conditions are expressed in terms of (robust) linear programming problems that are transformed into finite dimensional ones using the Handelman’s Theorem. Several examples are provided for illustration.