Robust monitoring of the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in the Slovak Carpathians reveals lower numbers than officially reported

  title={Robust monitoring of the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in the Slovak Carpathians reveals lower numbers than officially reported},
  author={Jakub Kubala and Peter Smolko and Fridolin Zimmermann and Robin Rigg and Branislav T{\'a}m and Tom{\'a}{\vs} Iľko and Danilo Foresti and Christine Breitenmoser-W{\"u}rsten and Rudolf Kropil and Urs Breitenmoser},
  pages={548 - 556}
Abstract The Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx population in the Carpathian Mountains is considered to be one of the best preserved and largest in Europe and hence is a source for past and current reintroduction projects in central Europe. However, its status in Slovakia has been reported to the European Commission on the basis of hunters´ reports and expert estimates that have never been validated by a robust scientific approach. We conducted the first camera-trapping surveys to estimate the density of… 

Spatial density estimates of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the French Jura and Vosges Mountains

This study focuses on the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the French Jura and Vosges Mountains and provides the first density estimates, yet another example of the advantage of combining SCR methods and non-invasive sampling techniques to estimate density for elusive and wide-ranging species like large carnivores.

Eurasian lynx density and habitat use in one of Europe's strongholds, the Romanian Carpathians

The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) faces population declines in the western part of its range, and its ecological requirements are poorly understood in the eastern part of its range. The Romanian

Long‐term changes in habitat selection and prey spectrum in a reintroduced Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) population in Switzerland

Abstract When wild‐caught Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from the Slovak Carpathian Mountains were reintroduced to Central Switzerland in the early 1970s and spread through the north‐western Swiss Alps

Genetic constraints of population expansion of the Carpathian lynx at the western edge of its native distribution range in Central Europe

This study illustrates how social constraints, such as territoriality, breeding of residents and natal philopatry of females, lead to incestuous mating in small-sized populations, especially at the periphery of their distribution.

Multi-seasonal systematic camera-trapping reveals fluctuating densities and high turnover rates of Carpathian lynx on the western edge of its native range

This study demonstrates that long-term camera-trapping surveys are needed for evaluation of population trends and for reliable estimates of demographic parameters of wild territorial felids, and can be further used for establishing successful management and conservation measures.

Report on monitoring Eurasian lynx using camera trapping in the Romanian Carpathians

and sites located at lower altitudes in the Western Romanian Carpathians. These surveys could be done at a 5 years interval, supplemented by annual reporting of track counts. Such a monitoring scheme

Citizen Scientists Showed a Four-Fold Increase of Lynx Numbers in Lithuania

By the early 2000s, Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) were nearly extirpated in Lithuania. To determine their status, we used snow-track counts in 2006–2012 and volunteer monitoring in 1999–2005 and

The coat pattern in the Carpathian population of Eurasian lynx has changed: a sign of demographic bottleneck and limited connectivity

The Slovak lynx population is the main source for lynx reintroduction projects in Central Europe, and so the phenotype profile may be used as an effective indicator of potential genetic-based conservation problems in this autochthonous population.

Genomic patterns in the widespread Eurasian lynx shaped by Late Quaternary climatic fluctuations and anthropogenic impacts

The results show that Eurasian lynx populations shared a common history until 100,000 years ago, when Asian and European populations started to diverge and both entered a period of continuous and widespread decline, with western populations, except Kirov, maintaining lower effective sizes than eastern populations.

Rewilding the world’s large carnivores without neglecting the human dimension

Rewilding is a growing conservation concept that seeks to enhance biodiversity and improve ecosystem functioning. When rewilding includes the reintroduction of large carnivores to landscapes from



Density estimations of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the Swiss Alps

Abstract Use of photographic capture–recapture analyses to estimate abundance of species with distinctive natural marks has become an important tool for monitoring rare or cryptic species, or both.

Habitat availability is not limiting the distribution of the Bohemian–Bavarian lynx Lynx lynx population

Abstract A population of Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx was established by reintroductions in the Bohemian Forest Ecosystem in the 1970s and 1980s. The most recent information on the population status

Optimizing the size of the area surveyed for monitoring a Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) population in the Swiss Alps by means of photographic capture-recapture.

The results confirm that SCR models are much more robust to changes in trap array size than CR models, thus avoiding overestimation of density in smaller areas, but large spatial efforts are required to obtain reliable and precise density estimates with these population densities and recapture rates.

The first density estimation of an isolated Eurasian lynx population in southwest Asia

During November 2010–February 2011, we used camera traps to estimate the population density of Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx in Ciglikara Nature Reserve, Turkey, an isolated population in southwest Asia.

Genetic data confirm critical status of the reintroduced Dinaric population of Eurasian lynx

Analysis of effective population size and microsatellite variability supported field observations of decreasing population number and recommend population augmentation from a large source population.

Status and conservation of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in Europe in 2001

The Action Plan for the Conservation of the Eurasian Lynx in Europe (Breitenmoser et al. 2000) was based on data up to 1995. This new report presents data up to 2001 (with some more recent

First estimation of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) abundance and density using digital cameras and capture-recapture techniques in a German national park

First estimation of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) abundance and density using digital cameras and capture–recapture techniques in a German national park.— Eurasian lynx are individually identifiable by

Spatial and Social stability of a Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx population: an assessment of 10 years of observation in the Jura Mountains

Abstract A total of 18 Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx were radio-tagged between March 1988 and June 1998 in the Swiss Jura Mountains, and during 1995-1997 eight animals were radio-tagged on the French side