Robust explicit MPC design under finite precision arithmetic

Abstract

We propose a design methodology for explicit Model Predictive Control (MPC) that guarantees hard constraint satisfaction in the presence of finite precision arithmetic errors. The implementation of complex digital control techniques, like MPC, is becoming increasingly adopted in embedded systems, where reduced precision computation techniques are embraced to achieve fast execution and low power consumption. However, in a low precision implementation, constraint satisfaction is not guaranteed if infinite precision is assumed during the algorithm design. To enforce constraint satisfaction under numerical errors, we use forward error analysis to compute an error bound on the output of the embedded controller. We treat this error as a state disturbance and use this to inform the design of a constraint-tightening robust controller. Benchmarks with a classical control problem, namely an inverted pendulum, show how it is possible to guarantee, by design, constraint satisfaction for embedded systems featuring low precision, fixed-point computations.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Suardi2014RobustEM, title={Robust explicit MPC design under finite precision arithmetic}, author={Andrea Suardi and Stefano Longo and Eric C. Kerrigan and George A. Constantinides}, year={2014} }