Robust, reversible, nano-scale, femto-second-switching circuits and their evolution

  title={Robust, reversible, nano-scale, femto-second-switching circuits and their evolution},
  author={Hugo de Garis and Thayne Batty},
  journal={Proceedings of the 2004 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (IEEE Cat. No.04TH8753)},
  pages={639-645 Vol.1}
This paper introduces conceptual problems that arise in the next 10-20 years as electronic circuits reach nanometer scale, i.e. the size of molecules. Such circuits are impossible to make perfectly, due to the inevitable fabrication faults in chips with an Avogrado number of components. Hence, they need to be constructed so that they are robust to faults. They also need to be (as far as possible) reversible circuits, to avoid the heat dissipation problem if bits of information are routinely… CONTINUE READING
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