Robots and Jobs: Evidence from US Labor Markets

@article{Acemoglu2020RobotsAJ,
  title={Robots and Jobs: Evidence from US Labor Markets},
  author={Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={2020},
  volume={128},
  pages={2188 - 2244}
}
We study the effects of industrial robots on US labor markets. We show theoretically that robots may reduce employment and wages and that their local impacts can be estimated using variation in exposure to robots—defined from industry-level advances in robotics and local industry employment. We estimate robust negative effects of robots on employment and wages across commuting zones. We also show that areas most exposed to robots after 1990 do not exhibit any differential trends before then… Expand
The Adjustment of Labor Markets to Robots
We use detailed administrative data to study the adjustment of local labor markets to industrial robots in Germany. Robot exposure, as predicted by a shift-share variable, is associated withExpand
From Immigrants to Robots: The Changing Locus of Substitutes for Workers
Increased use of robots has roused concern about how robots and other new technologies change the world of work. Using numbers of robots shipped to primarily manufacturing industries as a supplyExpand
Robots and reshoring: Evidence from Mexican labor markets
Robots in advanced economies have the potential to reduce employment in offshoring countries by fueling reshoring. Using robots instead of humans for production may reduce the relative cost ofExpand
How Robots Change Within-Firm Wage Inequality
Using novel matched employer-employee register data with firm-level information on the introduction of industrial robots, this paper analysis the impact of robots on the wages of workers in theExpand
The rise of robots and the fall of routine jobs
Abstract This paper examines the impact of industrial robots on jobs. We combine data on robot adoption and occupations by industry in thirty-seven countries for the period from 2005 to 2015. WeExpand
Robots, labor markets, and universal basic income
Automation is a big concern in modern societies in view of its widespread impact on many socioeconomic issues including income, jobs, and productivity. While previous studies have concentrated onExpand
Data and code for: Robots and Reshoring: Evidence from Mexican Labor Markets
TLDR
It is found that US robots have a sizeable negative impact on employment in Mexico, and this negative effect is stronger for men than for women, and strongest for low-educated machine operators in the manufacturing sector. Expand
Competing with Robots: Firm-Level Evidence from France
Using several sources, we construct a data set of robot purchases by French manufacturing firms and study the firm-level implications of robot adoption. Out of 55,390 firms in our sample, 598 haveExpand
Robots, Labor Market Frictions, and Corporate Financial Policies
Using a novel dataset from the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), I find that robots can transform the labor market landscape and mitigate the impact of labor market frictions on financialExpand
Labor costs and the adoption of robots in China
Abstract We study the effects of higher labor costs on the adoption of industrial robots by Chinese firms. We use the number of robots imported by firms from the customs data to measure the adoptionExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES
Robots at Work
Abstract We analyze for the first time the economic contributions of modern industrial robots, which are flexible, versatile, and autonomous machines. We use novel panel data on robot adoption withinExpand
Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labour Markets
We juxtapose the effects of trade and technology on employment in U.S. local labor markets between 1990 and 2007. Labor markets whose initial industry composition exposes them to rising ChineseExpand
Demographics and Automation
We argue theoretically and document empirically that aging leads to greater (industrial) automation, and in particular, to more intensive use and development of robots. Using US data, we documentExpand
The Race between Machine and Man: Implications of Technology for Growth, Factor Shares and Employment
We examine the concerns that new technologies will render labor redundant in a framework in which tasks previously performed by labor can be automated and new versions of existing tasks, in whichExpand
Local Labor Markets
I examine the causes and the consequences of differences in labor market outcomes across local labor markets within a country. The focus is on a long-run general equilibrium setting, where workersExpand
Automation and New Tasks: How Technology Displaces and Reinstates Labor
We present a framework for understanding the effects of automation and other types of technological changes on labor demand, and use it to interpret changes in US employment over the recent past. AtExpand
Women, War, and Wages: The Effect of Female Labor Supply on the Wage Structure at Midcentury
We exploit the military mobilization for World War II to investigate the effects of female labor supply on the wage structure. The mobilization drew many women into the workforce permanently. But theExpand
The Impact of Outsourcing and High-Technology Capital on Wages: Estimates For the United States, 1979–1990
We estimate the relative influence of trade versus technology on wages in a "large-country" setting, where technological change affects product prices. Trade is measured by the foreign outsourcing ofExpand
Emerging robotic regions in the United States: insights for regional economic evolution
ABSTRACT Despite widespread speculation about the potential economic impacts of robotic technology, there has been little academic research on the topic. One barrier to this research is lack of dataExpand
The Growth of Low Skill Service Jobs and the Polarization of the U.S. Labor Market
We offer an integrated explanation and empirical analysis of the polarization of U.S. employment and wages between 1980 and 2005, and the concurrent growth of low skill service occupations. WeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...