Robotic technology in surgery: past, present, and future.

  title={Robotic technology in surgery: past, present, and future.},
  author={David B. Camarillo and Thomas M. Krummel and John Kenneth Salisbury},
  journal={American journal of surgery},
  volume={188 4A Suppl},
It has been nearly 20 years since the first appearance of robotics in the operating room. In that time, much progress has been made in integrating robotic technologies with surgical instrumentation, as evidenced by the many thousands of successful robot-assisted cases. However, to build on past success and to fully leverage the potential of surgical robotics in the future, it is essential to maximize a shared understanding and communication among surgeons, engineers, entrepreneurs, and… CONTINUE READING